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Types of Hypertension

Types of Hypertension

There are three general types of high blood pressure. Essential hypertension occurs when the condition has no known cause. This is also known as primary hypertension or idiopathic hypertension. When high blood pressure is cause by another condition or disease process, it is called secondary high blood pressure or secondary hypertension. When only the systolic blood pressure number (the top number) is high it is called isolated systolic hypertension, which is common in older adults.

Hypertension: Types list

The list of types of Hypertension mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Primary Hypertension - the main type with no underlying cause
  • Secondary Hypertension - where it is caused by some other underlying condition; much less common than primary hypertension.
  • Hypertension subtypes based on ranges:
    • Optimal Blood Pressure - systolic < 120 mmHg and diastolic < 80 mmHg.
    • Normal Blood Pressure - systolic < 130 mmHg and diastolic < 85 mmHg.
    • High-Normal Blood Pressure - systolic 130-139 mmHg or diastolic 85-89 mmHg.
    • Hypertension Stage 1 - systolic 140-159 mmHg or diastolic < mmHg.
    • Hypertension Stage 2 - systolic 160-179 mmHg or diastolic 90-99 mmHg.
    • Hypertension Stage 3 - systolic >= 180 mmHg or diastolic >= 110 mmHg.
    • Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) - high systolic pressure only.
  • Hypertension during pregnancy:
    • Gestational hypertension - early stages of high blood pressure during pregnancy.
    • Preeclampsia - severe high blood pressure during pregnancy; about 5% of pregnancies.
    • Eclampsia - very severe pregnancy hypertension leading to seizures.
  • Pulmonary hypertension - hypertension occurring in the heart-lung arteries.
  • Malignant hypertension - occurring in younger adults than the normal profile for essential hypertension

Curable Types of Hypertension:

  • Eclampsia of pregnancy
  • Hyperthyroidism induced hypertension
  • Cushing's disease induced hypertension
  • Conn's syndrome induced hypertension
  • Drug induced hypertension- NSAIDs, hormonal contraceptives, steroids
  • Tumours of the kidney induced hypertension

Rare Types of Hypertension:

Types discussion:

High Blood Pressure -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA (Excerpt)

Often in older adults the first number (the upper or systolic number) is high while the second (the lower or diastolic) number is normal. This condition is called isolated systolic hypertension, and it also should be treated. Studies prove that lowering the systolic number cuts down on strokes and heart attacks in people age 60 and over. (Source: excerpt from High Blood Pressure -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA)

High Blood Pressure -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA (Excerpt)

Some cases of HBP are caused by other illnesses. This kind of HBP is called secondary hypertension, and it is often cured once the original medical problem is cured. Most HBP, however, is essential or primary hypertension. This kind cannot be cured but can be kept under control by regular, ongoing treatment. (Source: excerpt from High Blood Pressure -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA)

Hypertension: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Hypertension: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Hypertension include:

Research More About Hypertension


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