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Diseases » Injury » Glossary

Glossary for Injury

  • Accident or injury conditions: Medical conditions caused by accidents or physical injuries.
  • Accidental injury: An injury that occurs accidentally
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive use of alcohol ranging from binge drinking to severe alcoholism
  • Arthritis: General name for any type of joint inflammation, but often means age-related osteoarthritis.
  • Bone cancer: Malignancy that occurs in the bone
  • Breast abscess: Pus-filled abscess in the breast
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Hand or wrist problems; often from repetitive motion.
  • Criminal injury: An injury occurring during the committal of a criminal action
  • Earache: Pain in the ear called "otalgia"
  • Edema: Fluid retention in tissues
  • Exophthalmos: Protrusion of one or both eyes
  • Eye pain: Pain in the eye.
  • Genital herpes: Sexually transmitted infection of the genital region.
  • Gout: Painful joints, most commonly the big toe.
  • Growth plate injuries: Injury to the growing ends of young bones.
  • Herpes: Virus with one subtype causing cold sores and another causing genital herpes.
  • Hiccups: Noise and diaphragm muscle contractions (properly called "hiccoughs")
  • Homicide: The killing of a person by another
  • Irons-Bhan syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by lymphoedema in the legs, heart defects and a hydrocele (swollen testicles).
  • Mastalgia: Generalized breast pain or tenderness
  • Mastitis: Infected breast common in nursing mothers
  • Non-Contagious Diseases: Any disease that is not contagious
  • Non-genetic diseases: Any disease that does not have a genetic component
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Podagra: A condition which is characterized by a gout like pain in the toe
  • Red Eyes: Redness of the eyes
  • Sanderson-Fraser syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by overlapping fingers, abnormally placed urethral opening in males, protruding eyes and Robin association (small jaw and downward displaced tongue).
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein wall
  • Tunglang-Savage-Bellman syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hearing loss and abnormal salivary gland function.


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