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Diseases » Jaw pain » Glossary

Glossary for Jaw pain

  • Abscess: General name for any pus-filled lump or swelling
  • Acoustic neuroma: A benign tumor of the 8th cranial nerve which lies in the tube connecting the inner ear to the brain.
  • Actinomycosis: An infection that results from the bacteria sp. Actinomyces.
  • Angina Pectoris: Variant of Angina Pectoris, where episodic chest pain occurs without exertion or provocation, due to a transient spasm of a coronary artery; more common in women
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: Bulging and weakness of the aorta in the area of the chest. The condition is life-threatening as death can occur rapidly if the aneurysm bursts.
  • Broken jaw: Fracture of the jaw bone (mandible)
  • Chemical poisoning - White Phosphorus: White Phosphorus is a chemical used mainly in fertilizers, water treatment, rodenticides and insecticides (for cockroaches). Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Dental caries: A destructive process causing decalcification of the tooth enamel leading to cavitation of the tooth
  • Dislocated jaw: Improper separation of the jaw bones
  • Dry socket: Exposure of jaw bone after a tooth extraction
  • Familial rectal pain: An inherited severe pain syndrome involving very short but severe episodes of pain in the eyes, rectum or under the jaw. Triggers for episodes include sudden falls, sexual encounters, eating, crying, yawning, vivid dreams and fights. Defecation is the main trigger in infants and younger children. The eye and jaw pain is more common in older children and adults. Patients vary with respect to the number of locations involved.
  • Glaucoma: Vision damage from a buildup of fluid pressure in the eye.
  • Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
  • Jaw conditions: Conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint (the jaw).
  • Jaw joint disorders: Any condition involving the jaw joint.
  • Jaw sprain: Damage to ligaments in the jaw.
  • Middle ear infection: Infection of middle ear also called otitis media.
  • Migraine: Chronic recurring headaches with or without a preceding aura.
  • Oropharyngeal cancer, adult: Cancer of the back of the mouth which forms part of the throat including the back of the tongue, tonsils, part of the throat wall and soft palate (oropharynx).
  • Periorbital Cellulitis: Bacterial infection of the superficial tissues surrounding the eyes, often following a conjunctivitis or middle ear infection
  • Peritonsillar abscess: also known as quinsy
  • Prinzmetal's variant angina: A rare disorder where the heart artery spasms which affects the blood flow to the heart and causes pain. The condition can occur with or without physical activity.
  • Sialadenitis: Salivary gland inflammation due to obstruction of the salivary gland or a duct.
  • Sickle cell crisis: A condition which is characterized by either a hemolytic crisis or vaso-occlusive crisis
  • Sinusitis: Infection of any of the sinus cavities.
  • TMJ Syndrome: Disorder of the jaw joint
  • Teeth grinding: Grinding teeth when asleep
  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Temporo-mandibular ankylosis: A disorder involving stiffness or fusion of the jaw joint which affects the ability of the jaw to open and close normally. The condition may occur congenitally or may be acquired through such things as trauma.
  • Toothache: Tooth pain caused by irritation of a nerve in the tooth root. The tooth pain may result from tooth decay, infection, injury or tooth loss.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia: Facial pain associated with the trigeminal nerve.
  • Warthin's tumor: A benign salivary (parotid) gland tumor.
  • Whiplash Injuries: An injury to the neck when the neck is rapidly forced backward and then forwards or vice versa. It most commonly occurs in vehicle accidents when the vehicle is stopped abruptly or pushed forwards suddenly.


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