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Glossary for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Amyloidosis: A rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal. Symptoms depend on the organs involved. There are numerous forms of the condition: primary amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis and familial amyloidosis.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammation of spinal joints similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Arthritis-like conditions: Medical conditions highly related to or similar to arthritis.
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Hand or wrist problems; often from repetitive motion.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Eye inflammation: Inflammation of the orbit of the eye
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Iritis: Inflammation of the iris and anterior chamber of the eye.
  • Joint Pain: Pain affecting the joints
  • Joint pain: Pain affecting the joints
  • Joint swelling: One or more swollen joints
  • Joint symptoms: Symptoms affecting the joints.
  • Kawasaki disease: A childhood illness that generally affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes.
  • Knee pain: Pain in or around the knee joint
  • Knee swelling: Swelling of the knee joint
  • Limping: Walking with a limp or other gait problem
  • Lupus: Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Non-pathogenic inflammatory conditions: Medical disorders that cause inflammation, but are not due to any infectious pathogen.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Rheumatic conditions: Any condition that affects ones joints
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Autoimmune form of arthritis usually in teens or young adults.
  • Systemic Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Onset of JRA with fevers and systemic symptoms
  • Uveitis: A condition which is characterised by the inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome: A genetic disorder which can present with a wide range of phenotypic manifestations which has lead to a number of different names being assigned to the various presentations e.g. DiGeorge Syndrome and Cayler Anomaly Face Syndrome. There are nearly 200 different symptoms that can occur and the severity of the condition is also highly variable depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms that are present.

 

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