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Treatments for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Treatment List for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Bed rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Aspirin
  • NSAIDs
  • Gold salts
  • See also treatments of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Treatment is dictated by the severity of symptoms, the number of joints affected, and other organ involvement. Treatments include:
    • Explanation - Education plays an important role in arthritis management
    • Exercise - encouragement to exercise within the limits of pain and use of exercise programs may have long term benefits
    • Physiotherapy - can assist with regaining and maintaining joint function
    • Occupational therapy - can assist with management at home and mobility aids
    • Simple analgesics (used regularly) - such as paracetamol can be effective in control of pain either alone or in combination with other agents
    • NSAIDs - frequently used as first line therapy and reduce pain and swelling
    • Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDS) - include methotrexate and sulfasalazine, and are used when symptoms are not controlled with NSAIDS alone, and also to slow disease progression
    • TNF (Tumour necrosis factor) blockers - such as entanercept and infliximab may be used
    • Corticosteroids - either oral or pulsed IV, used when control is not achieved with other agents, or for rapid control of symptoms with flare of disease. Because of side effects, steroids are usually used for the shortest time possible
    • Surgery - may have a role in joint deformities resulting from arthritis

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis may include:

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

Products, offers and promotion categories available for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.

Drugs and Medications used to treat Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment or change in treatment plans.

Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis include:

  • Tolmetin
  • Tolectin
  • Tolectin DS
  • Tolectin 600
  • Etanercept
  • Enbrel
  • TNFR:Fc
  • Propionic Acid
  • Fenoprofen
  • Nalfon
  • Flurbiprofen
  • Ansaid
  • Apo-Flurbiprofen
  • Froben
  • Froben-SR
  • Novo-Flurbiprofen
  • Ocufen
  • Ibuprofen
  • Aches-N-Pain
  • Actiprofen
  • Advil
  • Advil Migraine
  • Amersol
  • Apo-Ibuprofen
  • Arthritis Foundation Pain Reliever/Fever Reducer
  • Bayer Select
  • Children's Advil
  • Children's Motrin
  • Children's Motrin Drops
  • Children's Motrin Suspension
  • CoAdvil
  • Excedrin IB
  • Genpril
  • Guildprofen
  • Haltran
  • Ibu
  • Ibuprohm
  • Junior Strength Motrin Caplets
  • Medipren
  • Medi-Profen
  • Profen-IB
  • Rufen
  • Superior Pain Medicine
  • Supreme Pain Medicine
  • Tab-Profen
  • Ketoprofen
  • Actron
  • Apo-Keto
  • Apo-Keto E
  • Orudis
  • Orudis E-50
  • Orudis E-100
  • Orudis KT
  • Orudis SR
  • Oruvail
  • Oruvail ER
  • Oruvail SR
  • Rhodis
  • Rhodis EC
  • Rhodis EC Suppository
  • Naproxen
  • Aleve
  • Anaprox
  • Anaprox DS
  • Apo-Naproxen
  • Naprelan
  • Naprelan Once Daily
  • Naprosyn
  • Naxen
  • Neo-Prox
  • Novo-Naprox
  • Nu-Naprox
  • Synflex
  • Oxaprozin
  • Daypro
  • Methotrexate
  • Rheumatrex
  • Trexal
  • Apo-Methotrexate
  • Ratio-Methotrexate
  • Ledertrexate
  • Texate
  • Trixilem

Latest treatments for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

The following are some of the latest treatments for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »

Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

Medical news summaries about treatments for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

The following medical news items are relevant to treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Discussion of treatments for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:

The special expertise of rheumatologists in caring for patients with JRA is extremely valuable. Pediatric rheumatologists are trained in both pediatrics and rheumatology and are best equipped to deal with the complex problems of children with arthritis and other rheumatic diseases. However, there are very few such specialists, and some areas of the country have none at all. In such circumstances, a team approach involving the child's pediatrician and a rheumatologist with experience in both adult and pediatric rheumatic disease provides optimal care for children with arthritis. Other important members of the team include physical therapists and occupational therapists.

The main goals of treatment are to preserve a high level of physical and social functioning and maintain a good quality of life. To achieve these goals, doctors recommend treatments to reduce swelling; maintain full movement in the affected joints; relieve pain; and identify, treat, and prevent complications. Most children with JRA need medication and physical therapy to reach these goals.

Several types of medication are available to treat JRA:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)--Aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin),* and naproxen or naproxen sodium (Naprosyn, Aleve) are examples of NSAIDs. They often are the first type of medication used. Most doctors do not treat children with aspirin because of the possibility that it will cause bleeding problems, stomach upset, liver problems, or Reye's syndrome. But for some children, aspirin in the correct dose (measured by blood test) can control JRA symptoms effectively with few serious side effects.

    If the doctor prefers not to use aspirin, other NSAIDs are available. For example, in addition to those mentioned above, diclofenac and tolmetin are available with a doctor's prescription. Studies show that these medications are as effective as aspirin with fewer side effects. An upset stomach is the most common complaint. Any side effects should be reported to the doctor, who may change the type or amount of medication.

  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)--If NSAIDs do not relieve symptoms of JRA, the doctor is likely to prescribe this type of medication. DMARDs slow the progression of JRA, but because they take weeks or months to relieve symptoms, they often are taken with an NSAID. Various types of DMARDs are available. Doctors are likely to use one type of DMARD, methotrexate, for children with JRA.

    Researchers have learned that methotrexate is safe and effective for some children with rheumatoid arthritis whose symptoms are not relieved by other medications. Because only small doses of methotrexate are needed to relieve arthritis symptoms, potentially dangerous side effects rarely occur. The most serious complication is liver damage, but it can be avoided with regular blood screening tests and doctor followup. Careful monitoring for side effects is important for people taking methotrexate. When side effects are noticed early, the doctor can reduce the dose and eliminate side effects.

  • Corticosteroids--In children with very severe JRA, stronger medicines may be needed to stop serious symptoms such as inflammation of the sac around the heart (pericarditis). Corticosteroids like prednisone may be added to the treatment plan to control severe symptoms. This medication can be given either intravenously (directly into the vein) or by mouth. Corticosteroids can interfere with a child's normal growth and can cause other side effects, such as a round face, weakened bones, and increased susceptibility to infections. Once the medication controls severe symptoms, the doctor may reduce the dose gradually and eventually stop it completely. Because it can be dangerous to stop taking corticosteroids suddenly, it is important that the patient carefully follow the doctor's instructions about how to take or reduce the dose.

  • Biologic agents--Children with polyarticular JRA who have gotten little relief from other drugs may be given one of a new class of drug treatments called "biologic agents." Etanercept (Enbrel), for example, is such an agent. It blocks the actions of tumor necrosis factor, a naturally occurring protein in the body that helps cause inflammation.

  • Physical therapy--Exercise is an important part of a child's treatment plan. It can help to maintain muscle tone and preserve and recover the range of motion of the joints. A physiatrist (rehabilitation specialist) or a physical therapist can design an appropriate exercise program for a person with JRA. The specialist also may recommend using splints and other devices to help maintain normal bone and joint growth.

  • Complementary and alternative medicine--Many adults seek alternative ways of treating arthritis, such as special diets or supplements. Although these methods may not be harmful in and of themselves, no research to date shows that they help. Some people have tried acupuncture, in which thin needles are inserted at specific points in the body. Others have tried glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, two natural substances found in and around cartilage cells, for osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Some alternative or complementary approaches may help a child to cope with or reduce some of the stress of living with a chronic illness. If the doctor feels the approach has value and will not harm the child, it can be incorporated into the treatment plan. However, it is important not to neglect regular health care or treatment of serious symptoms.
(Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: NIAMS)

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