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Diseases » Leishmaniasis » Glossary

Glossary for Leishmaniasis

  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Buruli ulcer: Infection by a bacterium called Mycobacterium ulcerans. The infection is most common in tropical and subtropical climates. The method of transmission is uncertain but the bacteria can enter the skin if it is broken (e.g. a cut) or it may possibly be transmitted by certain African aquatic insects or mosquitoes. The ulcers may become deep enough to affect the bone and can thus result in disability or deformity.
  • Cachexia: physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass caused by disease
  • Cirrhosis of liver: Chronic liver disease wherein normal liver parenchyma is replaced by fibrous tissue.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Cutaneous leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species which is transmitted through the bite of an infected sandfly. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis. Cutaneous leishmaniasis tends to be limited to skin lesions that can take weeks or years to heal, often leaving a scar.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Fungal infections: Any condition caused by fungus.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Histoplasmosis: Lung infection from fungus Histoplasma capsulatum
  • Hyperpigmentation: Excess skin pigment or coloration
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Leprosy: A chronic, progressive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which causes skin sores and also affects the eyes, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves.
  • Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells, usually white blood cells.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A malignant cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx area which is the upper part of the throat. Often there are no symptoms until the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body such as the neck.
  • Neutropenia: Reduced number of granulocytes in the blood
  • Opportunistic infections: Is defined as an infection that occurs due to an organism that does not usually cause disease but becomes pathogenic under certain conditions
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Scabs: Skin crusting over to form scans
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Skin sores: The occurrence of sores that are located on the skin
  • Sores: Sores affecting the skin.
  • Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
  • Swollen glands: Swelling of glands or lymph nodes
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood
  • Trypanosomiasis, east-African: A rare infectious disease caused by a parasite called Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and is transmitted through the bite of an infected Tsetse fly. The infection causes an acute illness with symptoms occurring from days to weeks after infection. Death relatively common, especially in untreated cases.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tumor: Any type of lump or swelling (not just cancers)
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Visceral leishmaniasis: A condition which is characterized by an infection of the viscera by leishmaniasis


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