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Diseases » Leprosy » Glossary
 

Glossary for Leprosy

  • Amyloidosis: A rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal. Symptoms depend on the organs involved. There are numerous forms of the condition: primary amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis and familial amyloidosis.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Blindness: The inability to see out of the eyes
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Crome syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by various abnormalities including mental retardation, epilepsy and eye and kidney problems.
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: A malignancy of the T-cells which make up part of the body's immune system. The cancer is characterized by the excessive proliferation of T-cells which are a type of white blood cell. The degree of skin involvement is variable.
  • Decreased pigmentation: A decrease in the melanocytic composition of the skin.
  • Diseases contagious from droplets: Diseases that can be contracted from droplets
  • Erythema multiforme: An allergic inflammatory skin disorder which has a variety of causes and results in skin and mucous membrane lesions that affect mainly the hands, forearms, feet, mouth nose and genitals.
  • Erythema nodosum: Allergic skin condition usually on the legs
  • Eye damage: When there is any damage to the eye
  • Hypomelanotic disorder: Lack of pigmentation
  • Hypopigmentation: Lack of pigmentation
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Lupus: Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings.
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Mycosis fungoides: Mycosis fungoides is a rare form of T-cell lymphoma of the skin. The disease is typically slowly progressive and chronic.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Numbness: Loss of feeling or sensation
  • Pityriasis Versicolor: Fungal skin infection
  • Relapsing Polychondritis: A chronic disease that affects multiple joints resulting in inflammation and degeneration
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin lesion: Lesions appearing on the skin.
  • Skin rash: A reaction to the exposure of the skin to an allergen
  • Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Tinea versicolor: A condition which is characterized by a chronic noninflammatory multiple macular patches
  • Ulcer: A local defect in the mucosa
  • Vitiligo: Skin pigment changes, usually harmless but sometimes embarrassing.

 

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