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Diseases » Lung cancer » Glossary

Glossary for Lung cancer

  • Abdominal tumor: tumors of the abdomen
  • Adenocarcinoma of lung: A tumor that develops in the lining of the lung. The tumor is usually slow growing.
  • Adenocarcinoma of the lung: It is one of the main types of lung cancers. Adenocarcinoma of the lung arises from the secretory (glandular) cells located in the epithelium lining the bronchi.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma: Salivary gland type malignant neoplasm arising from bronchial seromucinous glands. Composed of epithelial and myoepithelial cells in cribriform, tubular and solid growth patterns.
  • Adrenal Cancer: A malignant cancer that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids. Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Alveolar cell carcinoma: It is a malignant cancer arising from the alveolar walls
  • Asbestosis: Lung condition from asbestos exposure
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Bladder Cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder.
  • Bone cancer: Malignancy that occurs in the bone
  • Brain cancer: Cancer of the brain.
  • Breast Cancer: Cancer of the breast.
  • Bronchioalveolar Carcinoma: Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) is a rare type of lung cancer, it is a sub-type of lung adenocarcinoma
  • Bronchogenic carcinoma: When cells of the lung start growing rapidly in an uncontrolled manner, the condition is called lung cancer .
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Cancer of Unknown Primary Site: Metastatic cancer whose original source is unknown.
  • Carcinoid: A carcinoid tumor is a type of neuroendocrine tumor which tends to occur in the lungs or gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms will vary depending on the location of the tumor.
  • Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area
  • Chemical poisoning -- Asbestos: Asbestos is a chemical used in a wide range of materials: heat and sound insulation, wall and ceiling panels, pipe insulation, floor tiles, toasters, cements, brake pads, roofing materials and furnaces. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chronic chest pain: is a medical emergency due to a number of serious conditions
  • Coal worker's pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in coal dust. The condition is generally associated with employees in the coal industry. Symptoms usually resolve when exposure to coal dust stops.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Endometrial Cancer: Cancer of the endometrium (uterus lining).
  • Esophagus Cancer: Cancer of the esophagus in the throat.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Hemoptysis: A condition which is characterized by the coughing up of blood or blood stained sputum
  • Hoarseness: Reduction or loss of voice
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Human carcinogen -- Asbestos: Asbestos is deemed to be carcinogenic to humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the nature (e.g. inhalation, ingestion, skin contact), duration and level of exposure.
  • Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys
  • Large cell carcinoma: Large cell carcinoma is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lungs. This non-small cell lung cancer that represents 10% to 20% of all tumors that start in the bronchi, which are the main branches of the trachea that lead to the lungs.
  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by tumor development by young adulthood.
  • Liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Lung abscess: Pus (abscess) in the lung
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A very rare progressive disease where an unusual type of muscle cell (smooth muscle) infiltrates the lungs which eventually obstructs the flow of air through the lungs. The cause is unknown and generally occurs in women of child bearing age.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Malignant Lung Cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant. This means that they invade and destroy the healthy tissues around them and can spread throughout the body
  • Marijuana abuse: Illicit depressant/hallucinogenic drug
  • Melanoma: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. It involves cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair color.
  • Mesothelioma: Type of lung cancer associated with asbestos.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Mycobacterium avium Complex: Bacterial infection that is often AIDS-related.
  • Neuroblastoma: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue.
  • Nicotine addiction: Nicotine addiction is the uncontrollable desire to continue smoking. Smoking products contain nicotine which is a chemical that can lead to addiction if used over a period of time. Cessation causes withdrawal symptoms which can vary in nature and severity.
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: It is any type of lung cancer other than small cell carcinoma (SCLC). As a class, NSCLCs are relatively insensitive to chemotherapy, compared to small cell carcinoma
  • Occupational Cancer -- Lung cancer: Occupational exposure to arsenic can increase the risk of developing lung cancer.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Respiratory tract cancer: People employed in occupations which involves chronic exposure to arsenic, asbestos, cadmium, beryllium, chromium, diesel exhaust, silica and nickel can lead to an increased risk of developed respiratory tract cancers such as bronchial cancer, lung cancer and tracheal cancer.
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Pulmonary fibrosis: A scarring condition that affects the lungs
  • Pulmonary inflammation: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma.
  • Rectal cancer: A growth or excessive proliferation of cells in the rectum which is the final portion of the digestive system before the anus. The growth may be benign or malignant.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory system cancer: A condition that is characterised by a malignancy anatomically located in the respiratory system
  • Respiratory system tumors:
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Sarcoma: A malignant carcinoma that is located in connective tissue
  • Secondary Bone Cancer: Tumour development in bone as a result of spread from a primary malignant tumour from another body site (usually lung bronchus, breast and prostate)
  • Severe cough: Acute or persistent cough
  • Small Cell Lung Cancer: Small cell lung cancer is a cancer of the small cells which make up some of the lung tissue. It tends to be a more aggressive cancer than large cell lung cancer and can metastasize to other parts of the body. This type of cancer nearly always occurs in a people with a history of smoking.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Smoking-related conditions: Medical conditions related to smoking or other tobacco exposure.
  • Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
  • Testicular Cancer: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the tissues of one or both testicles.
  • Thyroid cancer: Cancer of the thyroid gland.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tuberous sclerosis, type 2: A rare genetic condition characterized by mental and physical retardation, seizures and numerous benign tumors that can occur on the skin or in organs. The severity of symptoms can vary greatly depending on where the tumors occur.
  • Tumours related to AIDS: It usually occurs due to decreased immunity.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
  • Wilms' tumor: A malignant kidney tumor that occurs in children.


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