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Types of Lung cancer

Lung cancer: Types list

The list of types of Lung cancer mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Primary lung cancer - see categorization by cell types affected:
    • Small Cell Lung Cancer - also Small cell carcinomas or "oat cell" cancers
    • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - more common than small cell lung cancer; there are various non-small cell subtypes:
      • Squamous cell carcinoma (lung) - also called "epidermoid carcinoma".
      • Adenocarcinomas (lung)
      • Large cell carcinoma (lung)
  • Metastatic lung cancer - when actually caused by another type of cancer; see underlying causes.
  • Mesothelioma

Curable Types of Lung cancer:

Rare Types of Lung cancer:

Types discussion:

What You Need To Know About Lung Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)

Cancers that begin in the lungs are divided into two major types, non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer , depending on how the cells look under a microscope. Each type of lung cancer grows and spreads in different ways and is treated differently.

Nonsmall cell lung cancer is more common than small cell lung cancer, and it generally grows and spreads more slowly. There are three main types of non-small cell lung cancer. They are named for the type of cells in which the cancer develops: squamous cell carcinoma (also called epidermoid carcinoma ), adenocarcinoma , and large cell carcinoma .

Small cell lung cancer, sometimes called oat cell cancer , is less common than non-small cell lung cancer. This type of lung cancer grows more quickly and is more likely to spread to other organs in the body. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Lung Cancer: NCI)

What You Need To Know About Lung Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)

If the diagnosis is cancer, the doctor will want to learn the stage (or extent) of the disease. Staging is done to find out whether the cancer has spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Lung cancer often spreads to the brain or bones. Knowing the stage of the disease helps the doctor plan treatment. Some tests used to determine whether the cancer has spread include:

  • CAT (or CT) scan (computed tomography). A computer linked to an x-ray machine creates a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body.

  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). A powerful magnet linked to a computer makes detailed pictures of areas inside the body.

  • Radionuclide scanning . Scanning can show whether cancer has spread to other organs, such as the liver. The patient swallows or receives an injection of a mildly radioactive substance. A machine (scanner) measures and records the level of radioactivity in certain organs to reveal abnormal areas.

  • Bone scan . A bone scan, one type of radionuclide scanning, can show whether cancer has spread to the bones. A small amount of radioactive substance is injected into a vein. It travels through the bloodstream and collects in areas of abnormal bone growth. An instrument called a scanner measures the radioactivity levels in these areas and records them on x-ray film.

  • Mediastinoscopy /Mediastinotomy . A mediastinoscopy can help show whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the chest. Using a lighted viewing instrument, called a scope, the doctor examines the center of the chest (mediastinum ) and nearby lymph nodes. In mediastinoscopy, the scope is inserted through a small incision in the neck; in mediastinotomy, the incision is made in the chest. In either procedure, the scope is also used to remove a tissue sample. The patient receives a general anesthetic .

(Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Lung Cancer: NCI)

Lung cancer: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Lung cancer: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Lung cancer include:

Research More About Lung cancer


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