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Diseases » Malaria » Glossary

Glossary for Malaria

  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Babesiosis: A parastic infection by a particular protozoa (Babesia) which is transmitted through tick bites. The disease produces symptoms similar to malaria.
  • Birth symptoms: Symptoms related to childbirth.
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Cerebral malaria: Infection of the cerebrum cause by protozoa of the genus plasmodium.
  • Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Cold & Flu:
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Congenital malaria: Fetal infection with malaria.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Diseases contagious contagious mother-to-fetus: Diseases contagious from mother to a fetus during pregnancy
  • Diseases contagious from blood: Diseases that can be contracted from blood
  • Diseases contagious from blood transfusion: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Fluid imbalance: impairment in the level of electrolytes in the body
  • Hematuria: Blood in the urine
  • High fever: Where a patient has an elevated temperature
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar level
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
  • Leuconychia: A white discoloration of the nails.
  • Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
  • Low birth weight: When the weight of a new born baby is below average
  • Marburg virus: Serious virus related to Ebola.
  • Mefloquine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Mefenamic Acid during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Mosquito bite: Bite from a mosquito.
  • Mosquito-borne diseases: Diseases that are carried by the mosquito
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Plasmodium falciparum: A protozoan that causes falciparum malaria
  • Plasmodium malariae: A protozoan that causes quartan malaria
  • Plasmodium ovale: A protozoan that causes malaria
  • Plasmodium vivax: A protozoan that causes malaria
  • Relapsing fever: Tick-borne disease with symptoms that resolve and then relapse
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Swollen spleen: Swelling or enlargement of the spleen
  • Toxocariasis: A parasitic roundworm (Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati) infection that normally occurs in cats and dogs but can be transmitted to humans by ingesting the larvae or eggs. The infection may be asymptomatic or severe and symptoms depend on where the larvae travel to when they migrate through the body.
  • Tremor symptoms: Shaking or physical tremor.
  • Trypanosomiasis:
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Uveitis: A condition which is characterised by the inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Vague symptoms: Vague, unclear, mild or non-specific symptoms
  • Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.
  • Visceral leishmaniasis: A condition which is characterized by an infection of the viscera by leishmaniasis
  • Yellow fever: A viral infection transmitted by mosquito bites which can damage various organs such as the liver, heart, kidney and digestive tract.


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