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Glossary for Malignant hypertension

  • Accelerated hypertension: Accelerated hypertension is a condition characterized by a rapid increase in blood pressure. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
  • Bleeding in the brain: A condition which is characterized by the abnormal loss of blood from blood vessels located in the brain
  • Blood pressure conditions: Medical disorders of the blood pressure, including high and low blood pressure.
  • Blood vessel damage: A condition characterized by damage to vessels that transport blood around the body
  • Brain damage: Damage to the brain from various causes
  • Cerebral oedema:
  • Cerebrovascular accident: Occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted and results in cell injury and death.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Convulsions: Involuntary spasms especially those affecting the full body
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dissecting aortic aneurysm: aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition in which there is bleeding into and along the wall of the aorta, the major artery leaving the heart
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Heart attack: Serious and often fatal acute heart condition
  • Heart damage: Any damage that occurs to the heart
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure
  • Kidney damage: Any damage that occurs to the kidneys
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Lung damage: COPD is defined as the destruction of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles and their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Papilledema: Swelling of the head of the optic nerve (optic disk) due to increased intracranial pressure.
  • Papilloedema: Oedema that is located at the optic disc
  • Seizures -- intellectual deficit due to hydroxylysinuria: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, seizures and high levels of hydroxylysine in the urine.
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.
  • Vision changes: Any change in vision or sight.


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