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Diseases » Megacolon » Glossary

Glossary for Megacolon

  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Adrenomyodystrophy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by primary adrenal insufficiency, dystrophic myopathy, severe psychomotor retardation and an overly-distended bladder which can cause death.
  • Anorectal pain: Pain in the anus or rectum regions
  • Bowel Obstruction: Blockage in the bowel of the digestive tract.
  • Bowel conditions: Medical conditions that affect the bowels
  • Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
  • Colon conditions: Any condition affecting the colon
  • Colonic Inertia: The nerves and muscles of the bowel do not function normally resulting in chronic constipation.
  • Congenital malformations: Physical body or organ malformations existing at birth
  • Constipation: Difficult or dry bowel movements
  • Creatine deficiency, X-linked: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation, seizures, short stature and facial anomalies. The disorder is caused by the absence of a compound needed to transport creatine and thus creatine levels may be normal or high, but the body is unable to utilize it.
  • Dementia: Various mental impairment conditions.
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Familial infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy -- late infantile: An infantile form of an inherited biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme called cerebroside sulfatase. The enzyme deficiency causes cerebroside sulfate to build up within the body and causes damage to the nervous system including the brain. The late infantile form of this disease is much more common than the juvenile or adult form.
  • Familial visceral myopathy: A rare condition where the duodenum is dilated and the muscles don't function normally which affects the movement of digestive waste material through the intestines. The symptoms of the condition are similar to that caused by an intestinal obstruction.
  • Fecal impaction: Impaction of hard stool in the bowel
  • Hirschsprung Disease: A condition which is characterized by the congenital dilation and hypertropohy of the colon
  • Hirschsprung's disease: A rare condition where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through which results in obstruction and dilation of the bowel.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Intestinal Conditions: Conditions that affect the intestines
  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy: An inherited biochemical deficiency involving a deficiency of the enzyme called arylsulfatase A which leads to a harmful buildup of fatty material in the body.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Lead: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Lead has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Quinacrine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Quinacrine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusional beliefs where a person is unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. The condition tends to have a chronic nature and can be severely debilitating if treatment isn't sought.
  • Scleroderma, systemic: A rare autoimmune connective tissue disease where the body attacks parts of the body and causes scarring and thickness of the tissue. In the systemic form, the skin and organs are involved.
  • Swollen belly: abdominal distension may be primary or secondary to an underlying pathology of the abdomen or any other system
  • Toxic megacolon: It is a life threatening complication.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.


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