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Causes of Melanoma

List of causes of Melanoma

Following is a list of causes or underlying conditions (see also Misdiagnosis of underlying causes of Melanoma) that could possibly cause Melanoma includes:

  • Superficial spreading melanoma is the most common type of melanoma. It is usually flat and irregular in shape and color, with varying shades of black and brown. It may occur at any age or body site, and is most common in Caucasians
  • Nodular melanoma usually starts as a raised area that is dark blackish-blue or bluish-red, although some are without color
  • Lentigo maligna melanoma usually occurs in the elderly. It is most common in sun-damaged skin on the face, neck, and arms. The abnormal skin areas are usually large, flat, and tan with intermixed areas of brown
  • Acral lentiginous melanoma is the least common form of melanoma. It usually occurs on the palms, soles, or under the nails and is more common in African Americans

Melanoma Causes: Risk Factors

The following conditions have been cited in various sources as potentially causal risk factors related to Melanoma:

Race Patterns for Melanoma Causes:

Racial Details for Melanoma: Melanoma is rare in black people and others with dark skin. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Melanoma: NCI) ...more »

Melanoma: Related Medical Conditions

To research the causes of Melanoma, consider researching the causes of these these diseases that may be similar, or associated with Melanoma:

Melanoma: Causes and Types

Causes of Types of Melanoma: Review the cause informationfor the various types of Melanoma:

  • Areas affected by melanoma:
    • Cutaneous melanoma - melanoma affecting the skin and moles.
    • Ocular melanoma - melanoma affecting the eyes.
    • Melanoma of the meninges, melanoma of digestive tract, melanoma of lymph nodes
  • Stage of melanoma:
  • more types...»

Causes of Broader Categories of Melanoma: Review the causal information about the various more general categories of medical conditions:

Melanoma as a complication of other conditions:

Other conditions that might have Melanoma as a complication may, potentially, be an underlying cause of Melanoma. Our database lists the following as having Melanoma as a complication of that condition:

Melanoma as a symptom:

Conditions listing Melanoma as a symptom may also be potential underlying causes of Melanoma. Our database lists the following as having Melanoma as a symptom of that condition:

What causes Melanoma?

Article excerpts about the causes of Melanoma:
UV radiation from the sun causes premature aging of the skin and skin damage that can lead to skin cancer. (Two types of ultraviolet radiation -- UVA and UVB -- are explained in the Dictionary.) Artificial sources of UV radiation, such as sunlamps and tanning booths, also can cause skin damage and probably an increased risk of skin cancer. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Cancer -- An Overview: NCI)

Medical news summaries relating to Melanoma:

The following medical news items are relevant to causes of Melanoma:

Related information on causes of Melanoma:

As with all medical conditions, there may be many causal factors. Further relevant information on causes of Melanoma may be found in:


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