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What is Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome?

What is Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome?

  • Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: A rare inherited neurological disorder involving episodes of facial paralysis and swelling.

Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome, or a subtype of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: Introduction

Types of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome:

Broader types of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome:

Who gets Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome?

Patient Profile for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: Typically early adolescence

Profile for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: Symptoms often begin in early adolescence. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

Gender Ratio for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: female predominance

How serious is Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome?

Prognosis of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: initial episodes completely resolve but then tends to become chronic
Prognosis of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome may recur intermittently after its first appearance. It may also become chronic. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome?

Causes of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: see causes of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome
Causes of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: The cause of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is unknown. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

What are the symptoms of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome?

Symptoms of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: see symptoms of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome

Onset of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: childhood or adolescence

Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: Neurologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome.
Treatments for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: see treatments for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome
Research for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: see research for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome

Organs Affected by Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome:

Organs and body systems related to Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome include:

Name and Aliases of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome

Main name of condition: Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome

Other names or spellings for Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome:

Rossolino cheilitis granulomatosis, Melkersson syndrome, MRS, MROS, Cheilitis Granulomatosa

Cheilitis Granulomatosa, MROS, MRS, Melkersson syndrome
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome:


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