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Diseases » Meningitis » Summary

What is Meningitis?

What is Meningitis?

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that encases and bathes the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis ...more »

  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Meningitis: Inflammation of the arachnoid membrane and adjacent subarachnoid space. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Meningitis: infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Meningitis: Introduction

Types of Meningitis:

Types of Meningitis:

Broader types of Meningitis:

How many people get Meningitis?

Incidence (annual) of Meningitis: approximately 25,000 cases of bacterial meningitis annually in USA; 206 annual cases in Victoria 1996 (DHS-VIC)
Incidence Rate of Meningitis: approx 1 in 10,879 or 0.01% or 25,000 people in USA [about data]

How serious is Meningitis?

Complications of Meningitis: see complications of Meningitis
Prognosis of Meningitis: Viral meningitis cases are usually self-limited to 10 days or less. Some types of meningitis can be deadly if not treated promptly. Anyone experiencing symptoms of meningitis or encephalitis should see a doctor immediately. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Encephalitis and Meningitis Information Page: NINDS) ... With early diagnosis and prompt treatment, most patients recover from meningitis. However, in some cases, the disease progresses so rapidly that death occurs during the first 48 hours, despite early treatment. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Encephalitis and Meningitis Information Page: NINDS)
Deaths for Meningitis: 850 deaths reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)

What causes Meningitis?

Causes of Meningitis: see causes of Meningitis
Causes of Meningitis: Meningitis may be caused by many different viruses and bacteria. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Encephalitis and Meningitis Information Page: NINDS) ... Streptococcus pneumoniae causes thousands of cases of meningitis and pneumonia, and 7 million cases of ear infection in the United States each year. (Source: excerpt from Antimicrobial Resistance, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)
Risk factors for Meningitis: see risk factors for Meningitis

What are the symptoms of Meningitis?

Symptoms of Meningitis: see symptoms of Meningitis

Complications of Meningitis: see complications of Meningitis

Incubation period for Meningitis: symptoms can develop over several hours, or they may take 1 to 2 days. (Source: excerpt from Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD)

Can anyone else get Meningitis?

More information: see contagiousness of Meningitis

Meningitis: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Meningitis.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Meningitis.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Meningitis: see treatments for Meningitis
Alternative treatments for Meningitis: see alternative treatments for Meningitis
Prevention of Meningitis: see prevention of Meningitis
Research for Meningitis: see research for Meningitis

Organs Affected by Meningitis:

Organs and body systems related to Meningitis include:

Name and Aliases of Meningitis

Main name of condition: Meningitis

Class of Condition for Meningitis: viral, bacterial

Other names or spellings for Meningitis:

Meningo-encephalitis, Arachnoiditis, Encephalitis, Leptomeningitis Source - Diseases Database

Meningitis: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Meningitis:


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