Symptoms of Meningitis
Symptoms of Meningitis: Introduction
The symptoms of meningitis, especially chronic meningitis can resemble symptoms of other diseases, such as influenza. These symptoms can include fever, headache, stiff neck, irritability, and nausea and vomiting.
In acute meningitis and acute bacterial meningitis, symptoms develop rapidly and dramatically, within minutes to hours. Fever can be very high and the headache and stiff neck can be intense. There may also be sensitivity to light, and a purple or red rash may appear.
Symptoms can progress rapidly and become life threatening, especially in cases of acute bacterial meningitis. The resulting symptoms include confusion, lethargy, seizures, loss of consciousness, coma. Death may occur within days.
In infants, signs of acute bacterial meningitis can include excessive crying, excessive sleepiness, difficulty with feeding, and a bulging of the soft spot on the top of the head.
Serious complications of acute bacterial meningitis include kidney failure and permanent neurological damage, such as blindness, hearing loss, brain damage, and paralysis.
Symptoms of chronic meningitis and viral meningitis resemble the symptoms of acute bacterial meningitis. However, symptoms of chronic meningitis develop more slowly, over a period of weeks, and the fever may not be as high. Symptoms of viral meningitis are often similar but not as severe as symptoms of acute bacterial meningitis....more about Meningitis »
Symptoms of Meningitis
The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources
for Meningitis includes the 49
symptoms listed below:
- Symptoms of meningitis:
- Possible symptoms of infant meningitis:
- Prior antibiotic treatment reduces symptom severity
- more information...»
Research symptoms & diagnosis of Meningitis:
Meningitis: Symptom Checkers
Review the available symptom checkers for these symptoms of Meningitis:
Meningitis: Symptom Assessment Questionnaires
Review the available Assessment Questionnaires for the symptoms of Meningitis:
Review medical complications possibly associated with Meningitis:
Diagnostic testing of medical conditions related to Meningitis:
Research More About Meningitis
Do I have Meningitis?
Meningitis: Undiagnosed Conditions
Diseases that may be commonly undiagnosed in related medical areas:
Home Diagnostic Testing
Home medical tests related to Meningitis:
- Child Behavior: Home Testing
- Child General Health: Home Testing
- Cold & Flu: Home Testing:
- Nerve Neuropathy: Related Home Testing:
- Brain & Neurological Disorders: Related Home Testing:
- more home tests...»
Wrongly Diagnosed with Meningitis?
The list of other diseases or medical conditions
that may be on the differential diagnosis list of alternative diagnoses
for Meningitis includes:
See the full list of 35
Meningitis: Research Doctors & Specialists
- Nerve Specialists:
- Neurology (Brain/CNS Specialists):
- Child Health Specialists (Pediatrics):
- more specialists...»
Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.
More about symptoms of Meningitis:
More information about symptoms of Meningitis and related conditions:
Other Possible Causes of these Symptoms
Click on any of the symptoms below to see a full list
of other causes including diseases, medical conditions, toxins, drug interactions,
or drug side effect causes of that symptom.
Article Excerpts About Symptoms of Meningitis:
NINDS Encephalitis and Meningitis Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)
Symptoms, which may appear suddenly,
often include high fever, severe and persistent headache, stiff neck,
nausea, and vomiting. Changes in behavior such as confusion, sleepiness,
and difficulty waking up are extremely important symptoms and may require
emergency treatment. In infants symptoms of meningitis may include
irritability or tiredness, poor feeding and fever.
(Source: excerpt from NINDS Encephalitis and Meningitis Information Page: NINDS)
Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD (Excerpt)
High fever, headache, and stiff neck are common symptoms of meningitis
in anyone over the age of 2 years. These symptoms can develop
over several hours, or they may take 1 to 2 days. Other symptoms
may include nausea, vomiting, discomfort looking into bright lights,
confusion, and sleepiness. In newborns and small infants, the
classic symptoms of fever, headache, and neck stiffness may be
absent or difficult to detect, and the infant may only appear
slow or inactive, or be irritable, have vomiting, or be feeding
poorly. As the disease progresses, patients of any age may have
seizures. (Source: excerpt from Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD)
Viral (Aseptic) Meningitis: DVRD (Excerpt)
of meningitis may not be the same for every person. The more common
symptoms are fever, severe headache, stiff neck, bright lights hurt the
eyes, drowsiness or confusion, and nausea and vomiting. In babies, the
symptoms are more difficult to identify. They may include fever,
fretfulness or irritability, difficulty in awakening the baby, or the
baby refuses to eat. (Source: excerpt from Viral (Aseptic) Meningitis: DVRD)
Headache -- Hope Through Research: NINDS (Excerpt)
Meningitis and encphalitis headaches are caused by infections of
meninges-the brain's outer covering-and in encephalitis, inflammation of
the brain itself. (Source: excerpt from Headache -- Hope Through Research: NINDS)
Meningitis as a Cause of Symptoms or Medical Conditions
When considering symptoms of Meningitis, it is also important to consider Meningitis as a possible cause of other medical conditions.
The Disease Database lists the following medical conditions that Meningitis may cause:
- (Source - Diseases Database)
Meningitis as a symptom:
For a more detailed analysis of Meningitis as a symptom, including causes, drug side effect causes, and drug interaction causes, please see our Symptom Center information for Meningitis.
Meningitis: Onset and Incubation
Incubation period for Meningitis: symptoms can develop
over several hours, or they may take 1 to 2 days. (Source: excerpt from Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD)
Medical articles and books on symptoms:
These general reference articles may be of interest
in relation to medical signs and symptoms of disease in general:
Full list of premium articles on symptoms and diagnosis
About signs and symptoms of Meningitis:
The symptom information on this page
attempts to provide a list of some possible signs and symptoms of Meningitis.
This signs and symptoms information for Meningitis has been gathered from various sources,
may not be fully accurate,
and may not be the full list of Meningitis signs or Meningitis symptoms.
Furthermore, signs and symptoms of Meningitis may vary on an individual basis for each patient.
Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they
are indeed Meningitis symptoms.