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Treatments for Meningitis

Treatments for Meningitis:

The first step in treating meningitis is preventing its occurrence and spread. A vaccine to prevent acute bacterial meningitis caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis is available for children and certain persons at risk for the disease. They include travellers who go to high risk areas of the world and people, such as military personnel and college students, who live in crowded situations. Vaccination may also be recommended for some health care professionals who are at risk for exposure to the disease.

Prevention of the spread of acute meningitis also includes frequent hand washing and covering the mouth and nose with a tissue when sneezing or coughing.

Acute bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency, because it can rapidly result in permanent, serious complications and death within days. Treatment includes hospitalization, generally in an intensive care setting. Immediate administration of intravenous antibiotics is vital to effectively treat acute bacterial meningitis before complications arise. Complications, such as brain swelling, seizures, and coma will also need aggressive intensive care treatment and sometimes life support measures.

Some types of viral meningitis are treated with antiviral drugs. Antibiotics are generally not given because they are not effective in treating viral meningitis. However, in some cases, antibiotics may be administered as a precaution if the cause of meningitis cannot be determined very quickly.

Treatment of all types of meningitis also includes rest, pain medications and anti-fever medications and fluid administration by mouth or through an IV.

People who have had close contact with a person with meningitis, such as family members, friends, schoolmates, roommates, and health care workers, may also need to be treated for the disease, even in the absence of symptoms.

Treatment List for Meningitis

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Meningitis includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

Alternative Treatments for Meningitis

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Meningitis may include:

Meningitis: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Meningitis may include:

Hidden causes of Meningitis may be incorrectly diagnosed:

Meningitis: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

Products, offers and promotion categories available for Meningitis:

Meningitis: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.

Drugs and Medications used to treat Meningitis:

Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment or change in treatment plans.

Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Meningitis include:

  • Dexamethasone
  • Flucytosine - mainly used to treat meningitis caused by Candida or Cryptococcus
  • 5-fluorocytosine - mainly used to treat meningitis caused by Candida or Cryptococcus
  • 5-FC - mainly used to treat meningitis caused by Candida or Cryptococcus
  • Ancobon - mainly used to treat meningitis caused by Candida or Cryptococcus
  • Ancotil - mainly used to treat meningitis caused by Candida or Cryptococcus
  • Novo-triphyl - mainly used to treat meningitis caused by Candida or Cryptococcus
  • Vancomycin I.V
  • PMS-Vancomycin
  • Vancor
  • Cefotaxime
  • Claforan
  • Benaxima
  • Blosint
  • Cefadril
  • Clatoran
  • Fotexina
  • Taporin
  • Viken
  • Rocephin
  • Amcel
  • Benaxona
  • Cefaxona
  • Ceftrex
  • Tacex
  • Terbac
  • Triaken
  • Ceftriaxone

Unlabeled Drugs and Medications to treat Meningitis:

Unlabelled alternative drug treatments for Meningitis include:

Latest treatments for Meningitis:

The following are some of the latest treatments for Meningitis:

Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Meningitis

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Meningitis:

Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »

Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Meningitis, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

Medical news summaries about treatments for Meningitis:

The following medical news items are relevant to treatment of Meningitis:

Discussion of treatments for Meningitis:

NINDS Encephalitis and Meningitis Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)

Antiviral medications may be prescribed for herpes encephalitis or other severe viral infections. Antibiotics may be prescribed for bacterial infections. Anticonvulsants are used to prevent or treat seizures. Corticosteroids are used to reduce brain swelling and inflammation. Sedatives may be needed for irritability or restlessness. Over-the-counter medications may be used for fever and headache. Individuals with encephalitis or bacterial meningitis are usually hospitalized for treatment. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Encephalitis and Meningitis Information Page: NINDS)

Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD (Excerpt)

Bacterial meningitis can be treated with a number of effective antibiotics. It is important, however, that treatment be started early in the course of the disease. Appropriate antibiotic treatment of most common types of bacterial meningitis should reduce the risk of dying from meningitis to below 15%, although the risk is higher among the elderly. (Source: excerpt from Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD)

Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD (Excerpt)

People who qualify as close contacts of a person with meningitis caused by N. meningitidis should receive antibiotics to prevent them from getting the disease. Antibiotics for contacts of a person with Hib meningitis disease are no longer recommended if all contacts 4 years of age or younger are fully vaccinated against Hib disease (see below). (Source: excerpt from Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD)

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