Misdiagnosis of Mental retardation
Alternative diagnoses list for Mental retardation:
For a diagnosis of Mental retardation,
the following list of conditions
have been mentioned in sources
as possible alternative diagnoses
to consider during the diagnostic process for Mental retardation:
Diseases for which Mental retardation may be an alternative diagnosis
The other diseases for which Mental retardation
is listed as a possible alternative
diagnosis in their lists include:
Mental retardation: Hidden Causes Misdiagnosed?
Causes of Mental retardation may include these medical conditions:
Mental retardation: Medical Mistakes
Related medical mistakes may include:
Mental retardation: Undiagnosed Conditions
Commonly undiagnosed conditions in related areas may include:
Common Misdiagnoses and Mental retardation
Rare copper disease insidious and misdiagnosed: Wilson's disease (a form of copper overload) is a rare disorder that
has a slow and insidious onset that can often fail to be diagnosed.
Copper builds up in the liver and in the brain,
usually in the late childhood, teens, or 20's.
Brain changes can lead to a variety of neurological and psychological type symptoms,
such as speech symptoms, language difficulty, behavioral symptoms, and various others.
Possible misdiagnoses include depression, behavioral disorders, schizophrenia,
mental retardation, learning difficulty, anxiety disorders,
hysteria, and other psychological disorders.
Physical symptoms related to liver damage, such as jaundice, often appear later,
leading to the delayed diagnosis.
See overview of Wilson's disease.
Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who
had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness
because he suffered from sudden inability to speak.
This was initially misdiagnosed as a "nervous breakdown" and other mental conditions.
He was later diagnosed as having had a stroke, and suffering from aphasia (inability to speak),
a well-known complication of stroke (or other brain conditions).
Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for
a patient to show mental decline to dementia.
Whereas this can, of course, occur due to various medical conditions,
such as a stroke or Alzheimer's disease,
it can also occur from a side effect or interaction between multiple drugs
that the elderly patient may be taking.
There are also various other possible causes of dementia.
ADHD under-diagnosed in adults: Although the over-diagnoses of ADHD
in children is a well-known controversy, the reverse side related to adults.
Some adults can remain undiagnosed, and indeed the condition has usually been
overlooked throughout childhood.
There are as many as 8 million adults with ADHD in the USA (about 1 in 25 adults in the USA).
See misdiagnosis of ADHD or symptoms of ADHD.
Bipolar disorder misdiagosed as various conditions by primary physicians: Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder)
often fails to be diagnosed correctly by primary care physicians.
Many patients with bipolar seek help from their physician, rather than a psychiatrist
See misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder.
Eating disorders under-diagnosed in men: The typical patient with
an eating disorder is female.
The result is that men with eating disorders often fail to be diagnosed or
have a delayed diagnosis.
See misdiagnosis of eating disorders or symptoms of eating disorders.
Depression undiagnosed in teenagers: Serious bouts of depression can be
undiagnosed in teenagers.
The "normal" moodiness of teenagers can cause severe medical depression
to be overlooked.
See misdiagnosis of depression or symptoms of depression.
Undiagnosed anxiety disorders related to depression: Patients with depression (see symptoms of depression)
may also have undiagnosed anxiety disorders (see symptoms of anxiety disorders).
Failure to diagnose these anxiety disorders may worsen the depression.
See misdiagnosis of depression or misdiagnosis of anxiety disorders.
Early assessment for cretinism: Cretinism is a condition which
occurs due to the lack of thyroid hormones which is essential for the growth
and development of infants and children. It occurs due to the inability of the
thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones. Thyroxine is an important hormone
which is required for myelination of the neurons in the brain lack of the hormone
causes severe mental retardation, slow speech and body movements, thick tongue,
flat nose, waxy skin, dull facial appearance and stunted growth which give the
appearance of a dwarf. Cretinism causes very serious retardation of physical
and mental development early diagnosis is needed so that thyroxine can be
supplemented and the child can have a normal growth. If the condition commences
after adulthood is reached it is called myxedema. The condition can be assessed
as soon as the child is born by taking a sample of the cord blood for testing.
Autism is a developmental abnormality: Autism occurs due to developmental abnormality. There is
scope for improvement, but not full recovery, provided children are provided
appropriate intervention at the earliest possible age. Some conditions maybe
confusingly similar to autism and hence autism may be misdiagnosed as childhood
schizophrenia, hearing loss, mental retardation and Landau Kleffner syndrome. The
most effective treatment to date is early educational intervention.
Mental retardation in Tuberous sclerosis: Tuberous sclerosis is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder. It includes
mental retardation, seizures and skin lesions. The symptoms may not be seen
till late childhood. Seizures are the most common presentation and often
treated for the same. Skin lesions often present as leafy shaped lesions
seen on cheeks, forehead along with reddish nodules over the nose. Mental
retardation and skin lesions are often missed during the diagnosis and hence
the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis is missed. Surgery may be required for
cosmetic reasons and removal of the tumor may be necessary in case of pressure
symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment helps in detection for the future
Mental retardation: Rare Types
Rare types of medical disorders and diseases in related medical areas:
- Brain & Neurological Disorders: Rare Types:
- Chronic Mental Health Disorders -- Rare Types:
- more rare diseases...»
Medical news summaries about misdiagnosis of Mental retardation:
The following medical news items
are relevant to misdiagnosis of Mental retardation:
General Misdiagnosis Articles
Read these general articles with an overview of misdiagnosis issues.
When checking for a misdiagnosis of Mental retardation
or confirming a diagnosis of Mental retardation,
it is useful to consider what other
medical conditions might be possible misdiagnoses or other alternative
conditions relevant to diagnosis.
These alternate diagnoses of Mental retardation may already have
been considered by your doctor or may need to be considered as possible
alternative diagnoses or candidates for misdiagnosis of Mental retardation.
For a general overview of misdiagnosis issues for all diseases,
see Overview of Misdiagnosis.
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