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Glossary for Mental retardation -- hypotonic facies syndrome, X-linked, 1

  • Anteverted nostrils: Anteverted nostrils are nostrils that are rotated in a forward postion.
  • Cleft palate: Birth defect of lip and mouth.
  • Depressed nose bridge: Depressed nose bridge refers to a recessed bridge of the nose.
  • Generalized obesity: Obesity is defined as a condition of excess bodyweight and fat. The size and number of fat cells increase in obese people. A person is said to be obese when the body weight is 20% or more above ideal body weight, which can be calculated by comparing his height and sex. Generalised obesity is defined when the body proportion is distributed all over the body uniformly.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • High arched palate: A condition where the roof of the mouth is higher in the mouth than normal.
  • Intellectual or developmental disabilities: Disorders of physical or intellectual development.
  • Knock-knees: Knees that touch
  • Mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Mental retardation conditions: Medical conditions related to or causing mental retardation.
  • Small head: The occurrence of a head which is smaller than normal
  • Smith-Fineman-Myers syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation and low facial muscle tone. The genetic defect occurs on chromosome Xq13.


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