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Glossary for Mental retardation X-linked, South African type

  • Conjunctivitis: Contagious eye infection
  • Folliculitis: An inflammatory reaction which occurs in the follicles
  • Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
  • Grand mal epilepsy: A condition characterize by sudden loss of consciousness with tonic-clonic seizures
  • Impetigo: Contagious skin rash from bacteria
  • Keratitis: Any inflammation of the cornea of the eye
  • Lung abscess: Pus (abscess) in the lung
  • Lymphangitis: Inflammation of the lymphatic channels caused by an infectious agent.
  • Meningoencephalitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the brain and meninges
  • Mental Retardation, X-Linked: A group of inherited disorder characterized by mental retardation. The disorders are inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms. The mental retardation may occur on its own (nonsyndromic) or be associated with other abnormalities (syndromic). The severity of the mental retardation may vary between and even within disorders.
  • Mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Myalgia: Muscle aches and pains
  • Ophthalmoplegia: A disorder that is characterised by the paralysis of the eye muscles
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Paronychia: Skin infection of a nail
  • Prostatitis: Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Protruding jaw: Protruding jaw is a jaw that sticks out more than average.
  • Pyomyositis: A bacterial infection of the muscles caused by Staphylococcus aureus. It occurs in tropical areas and people with weak immune systems are the most vulnerable.
  • Speech symptoms: Problems with speech or voice.
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: A rare but serious condition involving inflammation and blistering of the skin and mucous membranes. It is believed to be an allergic reaction that can occur in response to some drugs or infectious diseases.
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome: Severe immune reaction causing shock
  • Wound Infection: Infection of a skin wound.


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