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Diseases » Mesothelioma » Glossary

Glossary for Mesothelioma

  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal swelling: Swelling or bloating of the abdomen
  • Adenocarcinoma of lung: A tumor that develops in the lining of the lung. The tumor is usually slow growing.
  • Asbestos conditions: Medical conditions caused be exposure to asbestos dust
  • Asbestos poisoning: A general term which refers to any adverse health effect caused by exposure to asbestos. Asbestos poisoning can occur when asbestos fibres are inhaled or ingested. The effects of asbestos poisoning (asbestosis, mesothelioma, lung cancer etc) can take as long as forty years to occur.
  • Asbestosis: Lung condition from asbestos exposure
  • Ascites: Fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity
  • Biphasic Mesothelioma: Biphasic mesothelioma is the second most common type of mesothelioma cancer cell Biphasic mesothelioma, or mixed mesothelioma, contains a mixture of epithelioid and sarcomatoid cells.
  • Bowel Obstruction: Blockage in the bowel of the digestive tract.
  • Bowel conditions: Medical conditions that affect the bowels
  • Bronchitis: Bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages within the lungs. It occurs when the trachea and the large and small bronchi within the lungs become inflamed
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Asbestos: Asbestos is a chemical used in a wide range of materials: heat and sound insulation, wall and ceiling panels, pipe insulation, floor tiles, toasters, cements, brake pads, roofing materials and furnaces. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Exercise symptoms: Symptoms related to or triggered by exercise
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Hemoptysis: A condition which is characterized by the coughing up of blood or blood stained sputum
  • Lung cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant.
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Malignant mesothelioma: Malignant mesothelioma affects the lining or membranes of certain large cavities in the body. These cavities, called the serous cavities, house certain major organs in the body including the heart, lungs, abdomen and others
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Pericardial Mesothelioma: Pericardial mesothelioma, or mesothelioma of the pericardium, is a disease that affects the lining of the heart.
  • Peritoneum disorders: Any condition that affects the peritoneum
  • Persistent cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Pleural effusion: Fluid in the pleural spaces.
  • Pleurisy: Inflammation of the pleural membrane
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma: Sarcomatoid mesothelioma accounts for only about 10 to 15 percent of the mesothelioma cancer cells and it is the least common form of mesothelioma. It appears as spindle-shaped pattern of cells that overlap one another, and generally arises from support tissues such as bone, cartilage, muscle, and fat.
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Soft tissue tumors: Any tumor of the soft tissues (e.g. muscles, cartilage), including cancer and benign tumors.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Work-related conditions: Medical conditions related to a person's work or occupation, such as workplace chemical exposures.


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