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Diseases » Microsporidiosis » Glossary

Glossary for Microsporidiosis

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • Cholera: An acute bacterial disease transmitted through food or water contaminated with human faeces. The intestinal infection is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Giardia: Contagious parasitic digestive infection
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Malnutrition: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Microsporidiasis:
  • Myositis: One of the underlying causes for muscle weakness/myopathy.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Sclerosing Cholangitis: Chronic hereditary disease causing inflammation and destruction of the bile ducts in and around the liver with subsequent blockage to bile flow
  • Traveler's diarrhea: Various diarrheal conditions often caught on international travel.
  • Viral gastroenteritis: Virus causing gastroenteritis of digestive tract.
  • Weakness: Symptoms causing weakness of the body
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.


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