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Diseases » Middle ear infection » Glossary

Glossary for Middle ear infection

  • ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. The related description Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be a more modern description of the disease.

    Misdiagnosis of ADD is a well-known controversy in the sense that cases of hyperactivity in children may be over-diagnosed. There is a tendency for parents to seek and doctors to prescribe the drug Ritalin even in cases where the diagnosis of ADD or ADHD may be incorrect. Alternative diagnoses include normal child behavior (i.e. just an active child), food intolerances, or other behavioral disorders (see misdiagnosis of ADD).

    On the other hand, ADD is under-diagnosed in adults, with a large number of adults having ADD without knowing it; see misdiagnosis of Adult ADD.

  • ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. Typically, ADHD and associated hyperactivity is known as a childhood disorder, although ADD/ADHD in adults is known to be under-diagnosed. It is distinguished from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which has a reduced focus on hyperactivity type symptoms.
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Acute upper respiratory infection: Upper respiratory tract infections, are the illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx
  • Adenoiditis: Infection of the adenoids in the nasal-throat region
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral disorder with hyperactivity and/or inattention.
  • Brain abscess: Pus accumulating into an abscess on the brain
  • Cephalic tetanus: Rare severe form of tetanus of the brain and head.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Cholesteatoma: Uncommon middle ear condition
  • Chromosome 14 uniparental disomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where two homologues are obtained from one parent.
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Deafness: Inability to hear sounds.
  • Drug-resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae Disease: Streptococcal respiratory infection resistant to antibiotics
  • Ear and Hearing conditions: Medical conditions affecting the ears or the hearing systems.
  • Ear conditions: Any condition that affects the ear
  • Ear discharge: Discharge of fluid from the ear
  • Ear infection: An infection that affects the ear
  • Ear pain: Pain due to lesions related to the external ear or radiating pain from middle and inner ear.
  • Earache: Pain in the ear called "otalgia"
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by hair, teeth, nail and skin abnormalities and absence of certain sweat glands.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Glossopharyngeal neuralgia: A condition which is characterized by sever pain that originates on the side of the throat and extends to the ear
  • Glue ear: Fluid accumulation in the middle ear
  • Hay fever: An allergy which causes sneezing, runny nose or blocked nose for part of the year.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hearing Impairment: Reduced ability to hear sounds.
  • Irritability: Excessive feelings of annoyance or frustration.
  • Labrynthitis: Inner ear condition affecting various ear structures
  • Letterer-Siwe disease: A rare usually fatal condition characterized by skin lesions, bleeding tendency, enlarged liver and spleen, enlarged lymph nodes and progressive anemia. The condition is caused by excessive proliferation of histiocytes.
  • Listlessness: Feeling ill-at-ease
  • Mastoiditis: Inflammation of a bone behind the ear
  • Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Metapneumovirus: A type of viral respiratory infection which was first discovered early in the 21st century. The infection tends to occur mainly in children and infants or the elderly. The incubation period is probably less than a week and the virus is transmitted through large droplets or contact with contaminated surface or objects e.g. used tissue. Symptoms are usually mild but may be severe in some cases.
  • Moraxella catarrhalis infection: An infectious disease caused by Moraxella catarrhalis. Moraxella catarrhalis can be found in the upper respiratory tract and is often harmless and asymptomatic. However, it can also cause ear infections and sinusitis, bronchopulmonary infection as well as other infections.
  • Nasal congestion: The congestion of the nasal passages.
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A malignant cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx area which is the upper part of the throat. Often there are no symptoms until the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body such as the neck.
  • Otitis externa: Infection of the outer ear canal
  • Otorrhea: A condition which is characterized by a discharge from the ear
  • Over-diagnosed conditions: Any condition that is diagnosed to excess even though the patient may not have the condition
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pharyngitis: Inflammation or infection of the larynx in the throat
  • Pneumococcus: Bacteria causing ear infections, pneumococcal pneumonia, and pneumococcal meningitis.
  • Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome: A rare genetic multi-system disorder characterized by skin, teeth, hair and/or nail abnormalities, reduced ability to sweat and oral clefts.
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Scarlet fever: A complication of infection from strep bacteria such as strep throat.
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Sleeping difficulty: Difficulty sleeping
  • TMJ Syndrome: Disorder of the jaw joint
  • Tooth pain: Toothache due to infectious or non-infectious etiology.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia: Trigeminal neuralgia is a very painful inflammation of the nerve (trigeminal nerve) that delivers sensations to the face and "surface" of the eye.
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract


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