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Diseases » Milk-Alkali syndrome » Glossary

Glossary for Milk-Alkali syndrome

  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Altered mental status: linked to confusion, delirium, obtundation, stupor, and coma
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Confusion: Mental confusion and impaired thinking.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Depressive symptoms: Inappropriate depressed mood.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Food-related conditions: Medical conditions related to food ingestion.
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Betel Nut: Betel Nut is used as a herbal agent used alleviate pain and improve mood problems. The betel nut contains chemicals such as (arecoline on raw nut, arecaidine - after roasting)and the ingestion of excessive amounts of these can result in symptoms. Chronic ingestion as well as eating large amounts of the nuts can cause symptoms.
  • Hyperphosphataemia: An increased level of phosphate in the circulation above that which is considered normal
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Nephrocalcinosis: A condition characterized by calcium salt deposits in the kidneys which may affect it's ability to function. The condition refers to a generally increased level of calcium in the kidneys rather than actual localized deposits such as occurs in kidney stones. It may be caused by such things as high blood calcium levels and tuberculosis. The condition often goes unnoticed until kidney or urinary tract stones form.
  • Water-Electrolyte Imbalance: The loss of balance between the level of water and the level of electrolytes in the body. Kidney failure is the most common cause of electrolyte balance but it can also be caused by such things as anorexia, bulimia, severe vomiting or diarrhea, dehydration or chronic laxative abuse.


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