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Diseases » Mitral regurgitation » Glossary

Glossary for Mitral regurgitation

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammation of spinal joints similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Aortic stenosis: A condition which affects the aortic valve of the heart resulting in stenosis of the valve.
  • Atrial Septal Defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 atria, or upper chambers of the heart
  • Atrial fibrillation: Common heart arrythmia with rapid beating in upper chambers
  • Atrial myxoma, familial: An atrial myxoma benign tumor that develops in the wall that separates the two upper chambers of the heart. The familial form of the condition also involves tumors in other parts of the body such as the skin, both heart atria or the heart ventricles.
  • Bland-Garland-White syndrome: A rare birth malformation where the left coronary artery comes out of the pulmonary artery instead of the aorta. Usually, infants are usually healthy for a few months after which they start having symptoms of heart problems. Occasionally, patients may be asymptomatic even into adulthood but usually death occurs during infancy.
  • Cardiomyopathy: Any disease of the heart muscle
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9q: A very rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material on the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 is duplicated which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the size and location of the genetic material involved.
  • Chromosome 9q duplication: A very rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material on the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 is duplicated which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the size and location of the genetic material involved.
  • Chromosome 9q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Cohen Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by reduced muscle tone, obesity and prominent front teeth.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Del (3) (pter-p25) and dup (4) (pter-p16.1): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy: A rare chronic heart muscle condition where one or both heart ventricles are dilated or have impaired contractility.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A group of inherited connective tissue disorders primarily involving the joints and skin. There are 11 disorders in the group.
  • Embolism: Blockage of an artery or blood vessel
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Endomyocardial fibrosis: Heart disease characterized by progressive fibrosis of the lining of one or both lower heart cavities. This results in constriction of the heart cavity and may involve the heart valves and other structures.
  • Fabry's Disease: Genetic fat storage disorder
  • Forney Robinson Pascoe syndrome: A rare condition characterized by skeletal abnormalities, deafness and mitral regurgitation.
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart disease: Any of various heart conditions.
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Heart inflammation: Where there is inflammation of the muscle or lining of the heart
  • Heart valve conditions: Medical conditions affecting the valves of the heart.
  • Heart valve diseases: Diseases that affect the valves of the heart
  • Hypereosinophilic syndrome: A rare condition where too many eosinophils are produced over an extended period of time for no apparent reason. The eosinophils can infiltrate various organs and tissues and cause dysfunction or damage
  • Hypotension: Blood pressure that is too low
  • Idiopathic, hypertrophic, subaortic stenosis: A rare heart disorder where thickening of parts of the heart (wall separating the heart chambers) reduces the size of heart chambers and hinders the flow of blood.
  • Ischemic heart disease: Heart disease from reduced blood flow to the heart
  • Left heart failure: Failure of the left side of the heart
  • Mitral stenosis: Narrowing of the mitral heart valve
  • Mitral valve disease: Any disease that affects the mitral valve
  • Mitral valve prolapse, familial: Mitral-valve prolapse (MVP) is frequently diagnosed in healthy people and is, for the most part, harmless. Most people suffer no symptoms at all. Sometimes it occurs in a familial pattern.
  • Mitral-valve prolapse: A common heart condition that is often harmless.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Orthopnea: is the dyspnoea which occurs on lying down and is relieved on sitting up
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta: Weak bones ("brittle bone disease") and loose joints
  • Patent ductus arteriosus: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect wherein a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Polychondritis: A serious, progressive, episodic condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of cartilage in the body. The duration and severity of the episodes can vary.
  • Pulmonary congestion: A condition which is characterized by engorgement of the pulmonary vessels and transudation of fluid into the alveoli
  • Pulmonary edema: Severe condition of excess fluid in the lungs.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Rheumatic heart disease: Chronic heart condition due to heart damage from rheumatic fever
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Sonoda syndrome: An extremely rare disorder characterized by a congenital heart defect, round face, retarded development, short stature and various facial anomalies.
  • Third heart sound: extra heart sound that occurs after the normal two "lub-dub" heart sounds
  • Vague symptoms: Vague, unclear, mild or non-specific symptoms
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.
  • Wheezing: A whistling like continuous sound that is caused by the respiratory system


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