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Diseases » Mitral valve disease » Glossary

Glossary for Mitral valve disease

  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy: A rare chronic heart muscle condition where one or both heart ventricles are dilated or have impaired contractility.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Goldberg syndrome: A rare lysosomal storage disorder characterized by an enzyme deficiency (neuraminidase and beta-galactosidase) which results in a build-up of glycoproteins in the urine. There are three main subtypes: infantile, juvenile and adult forms. The early infantile form is the most severe and often results in death during infancy.
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart valve conditions: Medical conditions affecting the valves of the heart.
  • Heart valve diseases: Diseases that affect the valves of the heart
  • Mitral regurgitation: A condition which is characterized by a regurgitation of blood from the left ventricle into the atrium due to a problem with the mitral valve
  • Mitral stenosis: Narrowing of the mitral heart valve
  • Mitral-valve prolapse: A common heart condition that is often harmless.
  • Murmur: A periodic sound od short duration arising from the cardiac or vascular system.
  • Orthopnoea: Breathlessness occurring when or aggravated by lying flat
  • Palpitations: The subjective sensation of the beating of the heart at a rapid or irregular rate
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea: Breathlessness occurring within 1-2 hours after lying down due to fluid redistribution in the circulation
  • Pulmonary edema: Severe condition of excess fluid in the lungs.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Rheumatic heart disease: Chronic heart condition due to heart damage from rheumatic fever


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