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Glossary for Mosquito-borne diseases

  • Amebic meningoencephalitis:
  • Bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is a form of meningitis caused by bacteria that normally lives in the mouth and throat. When the immune system is unable to supress this bacteria, it travels to the cerebrospinal spinal fluid in the brain. From there it affects the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Barmah Forest virus: Mosquito-borne virus in parts of Australia
  • Behcet's Disease: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
  • Bites, stings and other animal-related conditions: Medical conditions caused by animals, such as bites and stings.
  • Chikungunya: A rare viral disease usually transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by fever, rash and severe arthritis.
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Contagious Diseases: Any disease that can be transferred from person to person
  • Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Encephalitis: Dangerous infection of the brain
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flavivirus: A group B arbovirus that causes disease in humans and animals
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Insect-borne diseases: Any disease that is carried by insects and transmitted to humans
  • Japanese encephalitis: A form of encephalitis caused by a flavivirus (Japanese B encephalitis virus - JBEV) and transmitted by mosquito bites. Most cases are mild and asymptomatic but severe cases can lead to death.
  • Low blood pressure: Blood pressure that is too low
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Lymphatic Filariasis: Parasitic worm infection of the lympatic system
  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis: Rodent-borne viral disease often causing meningitis or encephalitis
  • Malaise: General feelings of discomfort or being ill-at-ease.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Mosquito bite: Bite from a mosquito.
  • Murray Valley encephalitis: Severe viral form of encephalitis in Australia
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Neurosyphilis: A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and causes a range of neurological symptoms. The condition can be life-threatening but some cases are asymptomatic. There are four forms of the condition: asymptomatic, meningovascular, tabes dorsalis and general paresis.
  • Rift Valley Fever: Mosquito-borne viral infection affecting animals and humans
  • Ross River virus: Mosquito-borne virus in parts of Australia and other countries
  • Splenomegaly: Enlarged spleen.
  • St. Louis encephalitis: Mosquito-borne type of brain infection (encephalitis)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage: Brain bleeding in the subarachnoid area
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
  • Trypanosomiasis, east-African: A rare infectious disease caused by a parasite called Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and is transmitted through the bite of an infected Tsetse fly. The infection causes an acute illness with symptoms occurring from days to weeks after infection. Death relatively common, especially in untreated cases.
  • Viral meningitis: Viral meningitis refers to meningitis caused by a viral infection
  • West Nile fever: Mosquito-borne infectious virus.
  • Yellow fever: A viral infection transmitted by mosquito bites which can damage various organs such as the liver, heart, kidney and digestive tract.
  • Zoonotic Diseases: When a condition is transmitted through a zoonotic organisms


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