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Diseases » Mouth lesions » Glossary

Glossary for Mouth lesions

  • Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Herpes, Neonatal -- Mucocutaneous and Ocular Infection: Mucocutaneous herpes infection in neonates is a herpes infection of the mucous membranes within the first six weeks of life. The virus may be transmitted from the mother to the baby while it is still in the uterus or during delivery. The risk of transmitting the virus is highest if genital herpes is contracted during the late stages of the pregnancy. A mother with long standing or recurring herpes infection usually has sufficient antibodies to the virus to prevent the infant becoming infected. Neonatal herpes can also be contracted when an infant comes into contact with an infected person e.g. being kissed by and adult with cold sores. A cesarean birth may be advised for mothers who have active genital lesions.
  • Kaposi sarcoma: A form of cancer caused by a type of herpesvirus that occurs mainly in the skin but may also affect the lymph nodes, internal organs and mucosal areas. There are four forms of the condition: Classical Indolent form, Endemic African KS, iatrogenic KS and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated KS. Symptoms depend on the extent of internal organ and lymphatic system involvement.
  • Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
  • Oral lichenoid lesions: A mouth condition where white lesions develop inside the mouth. Redness, blistering and ulceration may also occur. It is believed to be caused by an autoimmune condition where the body's immune system attacks tissue inside the mouth. Sometimes the condition can be caused by allergies to metals in mouth appliances that are installed but it can also be caused by other forms of mechanical injury to the mouth such as cheek biting.
  • Pemphigus Vulgaris: A severe autoimmune skin disease characterized by blistering of the skin including the mucous membranes inside the mouth and esophagus.
  • Seronegative Arthritis: Classification given to the group of joint conditions with similar features to rheumatoid arthritis, but affecting different joints and lacking the specific autoantibodies used to identify rheumatoid arthritis


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