Treatments for Myelodysplastic syndromes
Treatments for Myelodysplastic syndromes:
Myelodysplastic syndromes are not curable, but they can be treated in many people, allowing them to live productive lives. The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms, such as fatigue and shortness of breath, and to prevent and promptly treat complications, such as anemia, uncontrolled hemorrhage, and serious recurrent infections.
To achieve this requires regular medical care and a treatment plan that is individualized to the age of the patient, the severity of the condition, the specific type and cause of myelodysplastic syndrome, and other factors.
Treatment generally involves a combination of therapies. These may include medications that work to increase the amount of normal, mature blood cells in the body. These include growth factors, which boost the body's blood cell production, and medications that encourage immature blood cells to mature.
Blood transfusions are another treatment. Blood transfusions add healthy red blood cells, white blood cells, and/or platelets to the bloodstream of people with myelodysplastic syndromes.
A bone marrow stem cell transplant may be another option for some carefully chosen people with myelodysplastic syndrome. In this procedure, chemotherapy is used to eradicate unhealthy blood cells. Then healthy bone marrow blood stem cells are transplanted into the body. There are serious complications associated with this procedure, and it is not appropriate for every case of myelodysplastic syndrome.
Other measures include keeping as generally healthy as possible. This includes eating a well balanced diet, moderate exercise as appropriate to the individual case, and avoiding infections with such steps as frequent hand washing and steering clear of people who are sick with infectious conditions.
The prognosis for myelodysplastic syndrome depends on various factors, including the specific cause, the type of blood cells affected, and how many types of blood cells are affected.
Treatment List for Myelodysplastic syndromes
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
for Myelodysplastic syndromes
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
- Supportive treatments
- Blood transfusion for symptomatic anaemia
- Platelet transfusion for thrombocytopenia associated with bleeding
- Aggressive management of infections
- Erythropoietin - for anaemia
- Colony stimulating factors - for low white cell count
- Iron chelation therapy for iron overload associated with frequent transfusions
- Chemotherapy - AML type chemotherapy may achieve temporary remission in some patients, and may be used prior to a stem cell transplant
- Allogenic stem cell transplantation - Only current treatment with curative potential
- New agents
- Anti-lymphocyte globulin
Myelodysplastic syndromes: Is the Diagnosis Correct?
The first step in getting correct treatment is
to get a correct diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis list for Myelodysplastic syndromes may include:
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Hospital statistics for Myelodysplastic syndromes:
These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Myelodysplastic syndromes:
- 0.25% (31,970) of hospital consultant episodes were for myelodysplastic syndromes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 96% of hospital consultant episodes for myelodysplastic syndromes required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 57% of hospital consultant episodes for myelodysplastic syndromes were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 43% of hospital consultant episodes for myelodysplastic syndromes were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
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Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Myelodysplastic syndromes
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