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Diseases » Myoclonus epilepsy » Glossary

Glossary for Myoclonus epilepsy

  • Absence seizure: Abnormal electrical activity in the brain resulting in a brief (10 - 30 seconds) alteration of consciousness. This type of seizure is more common in children. Seizures can occur a number of times in a day. The patient may or may not be aware that they have suffered a seizure.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • Epilepsy, progressive myoclonic 3: A genetic disorder involving the early onset of progressive myoclonic epilepsy. The infant develops normally for the first year or so of life and the seizures start usually before the age of two. Once the seizures start, neurological degeneration begins.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Mitochondrial diseases: Any of a group of mitochondrial disorders affecting cell metabolism and especially muscles.
  • Movement disorders: Medical conditions affecting the movement systems, such as walking or tremor.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Muscle contractions: When a muscle is shortened in use
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Papilledema: Swelling of the head of the optic nerve (optic disk) due to increased intracranial pressure.
  • Sialidosis type 1: A rare inherited condition where deficiency of an enzyme called neuraminidase results in epilepsy, ataxia and vision problems as well as characteristic cherry red spots in the macula of the eye. Symptoms may be exacerbated by factors such as smoking and menstrual cycles.


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