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Diseases » Myxedema coma » Glossary

Glossary for Myxedema coma

  • Adrenal crisis: A condition which is characterized by insufficient amounts of the adrenocortical hormones that results in vomiting, nausea, hypotension and electrolyte abnormalities
  • Altered mental status: linked to confusion, delirium, obtundation, stupor, and coma
  • Bradycardia: Excessively slow heart beat.
  • Endocrine system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the endocrine systems, such as the related hormones or glands.
  • Hereditary hypothyroidism: Hereditary hypothyroidism is a condition in which there is a defect in the thyroid gland which leads to increased production of TSH reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar level
  • Hyponatremia: An electrolyte disturbance involving low sodium levels in the blood. Symptoms are determined by the degree of imbalance. Very low sodium levels can cause water intoxication which can be very dangerous.
  • Hypothyroid goitre: Goitre is the enlargement of the thyroid gland and hypothyroid state is characterized by increased TSH levels and decreased T3 and T4 levels circulating in the body.
  • Hypoventilation: Occurs when there is a reduction in the amount of air entering into the pulmonary alveoli
  • Lack of consciousness conditions: Conditions involving a loss of consciousness, faint, or similar.
  • Low blood pressure: Blood pressure that is too low
  • Medication related hypothyroidism: Drug-induced hypothyroidism is an underactive thyroid gland due to a reaction from medication.
  • Myxedema: Skin and tissue disorder usually due to hypothyroidism
  • Primary hypothyroidism: Primary hypothyroidism is a condition in which a defect in the thyroid gland leads to reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Secondary hypothyroidism: Secondary hypothyroidism is a condition in which the activity of the thyroid gland is decreased, due to failure of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus
  • Tertiary hypothyroidism: Tertiary hypothyroidism results from a malfunction of the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that controls the endocrine system.
  • Thyroid disorders: Any disorder of the thyroid gland.


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