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Nitric oxide

Introduction: Nitric oxide

Description of Nitric oxide

Nitric oxide: Nitric oxide (NO) is a small, soluble, diffusible, highly reactive gas molecule, which is critical to numerous biological processes, including vasodilation, neurotransmission and macrophage-mediated microorganism and tumor killing. NO often plays a role of a biological signal. It is involved in neuron to neuron signaling, and probably contributes to the formation of memories. Most non-pathological functions of NO are mediated by activation of guanylyl cyclase, or by nitrosylation of proteins. NO can also inhibit oxygen consumption by mitochondria. (NCI)
Source: Diseases Database

Nitric oxide: NO; originally found as an intercellular messenger molecule in vascular smooth muscle, where it has a relaxant, vasodilatory effect; formed by oxidation of arginine with citrulline as side product; in nervous tissue, may be part of glutamate-calcium-cGMP signal transduction system.
Source: CRISP

Nitric oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
Source: MeSH 2007

Nitric oxide: Related Topics

These medical condition or symptom topics may be relevant to medical information for Nitric oxide:

Terms associated with Nitric oxide:

Terms Similar to Nitric oxide:

Source: Diseases Database

Related Topics

Source - MeSH 2007

Broader terms for Nitric oxide

Source - MeSH 2007

Source - CRISP

The term Nitric oxide can be used for:

Source: CRISP

The description of Nitric oxide may also be used for the following terms:

Source: CRISP

Hierarchical classifications of Nitric oxide

The following list attempts to classify Nitric oxide into categories where each line is subset of the next.

MeSH 2007 Hierarchy:

MeSH 2007 Hierarchy

MeSH 2007 Hierarchy

MeSH 2007 Hierarchy

External links related to: Nitric oxide

Source: Diseases Database

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