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Diseases » Nasal Obstruction » Glossary
 

Glossary for Nasal Obstruction

  • Asrar-Facharzt-Haque syndrome: A form of sinus histiocytosis characterized by lymphadenopathy as well as involvement of other tissues such as the sinus cavity, skin, lungs, bone, eyes, kidneys, testes, head and neck area and the central nervous system. Symptoms vary according to the organ involved. The condition usually runs a prolonged course with spontaneous remission occurring in some cases. Rare cases may be fatal.
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • EAF: A very rare type of tumor that occurs in the sinus and nasal tracts and upper respiratory system.
  • Esthesioneuroblastoma: A rare type of tumor that occurs in the upper nasal cavity. The tumor may obstruct one or both nostrils.
  • Extra-upper Aerodigestive Tract NK/T cell lymphoma: A form of lymphoma that occurs externally to the lymph nodes but is located in sites other than the upper aerodigestive tract, nasopharynx and nasal cavity. This particular type of lymphoma is rare but tends to be aggressive.
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma: A form of lymphoma that occurs externally to the lymph nodes. It usually in the nasal area but can also occur in the gastrointestinal tract, trachea, skin, liver and other soft tissues. This particular type of lymphoma is rare but tends to be aggressive.
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal: A form of lymphoma that occurs externally to the lymph nodes and in particular, is located in the nasal region. This particular type of lymphoma is rare but tends to be aggressive. It is often associated with the Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type: A form of lymphoma that occurs externally to the lymph nodes. It usually in the nasal area but can also occur in the gastrointestinal tract, trachea or skin. This particular type of lymphoma is rare but tends to be aggressive. Specific symptoms will vary depending on the exact location of the tumor.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis: A rare, progressive blood vessel disease where nodular lesions destroy blood vessels - lungs, skin and nervous system are mainly involved.
  • Malignant Teratocarcinosarcoma: A rare type of cancer that involves connective (bone, cartilage, fat) and epithelial (skin and lining of internal organs) tissue and tends to be of a large size. It often tends to occur in the nose, pharynx and sinus areas. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor.
  • Nasal papillomas: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of papillomas in the nose
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A malignant cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx area which is the upper part of the throat. Often there are no symptoms until the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body such as the neck.
  • Nasopharynx cancer: A condition which is characterized a malignancy located in the nasopharynx
  • Occupational Cancer -- Sino Nasal Carcinoma: Occupational exposure during soldering can increase the risk of developing sino nasal carcinoma.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Rosai-Dorfman disease: A rare condition characterized by excessive production and accumulation of a particular white blood cell (histiocyte). Accumulation primarily occurs in the lymph nodes, especially in the neck, but may also occur in the skin, central nervous system, digestive tract and kidneys.
  • Single upper central incisor: A very rare syndrome characterized by various defects in the middle of the face.
  • Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma: A rare but aggressive tumor that occurs in the nasal or sinus cavities.
  • Stuffed nose: Blockage to the nose often from runny nose
  • Upper Aerodigestive Tract NK/T cell lymphoma: A form of lymphoma that occurs externally to the lymph nodes but is located in the upper aerodigestive tract. It includes tumors in the nasopharynx, nasal cavity as well as the upper aerodigestive tract. This particular type of lymphoma is rare but tends to be aggressive.

 

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