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What is Nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

What is Nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A malignant cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx area which is the upper part of the throat. Often there are no symptoms until the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body such as the neck.
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Nasopharyngeal carcinomas are nonglandular carcinomas that arise in the nasopharynx. Nasopharyngeal carcinomas are very common in the Orient. Initial complaints are often due to middle-ear obstruction (otitis, hearing loss) or local invasion (headache, cranial nerve deficits). At least half of the patients with undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma are seen with cervical lymph node metastasis from an occult primary. The nasopharyngeal carcinomas are subtyped as keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma, nonkeratinizing carcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma and nonkeratinizing carcinoma mainly develop in adults and are rare in childhood. In contrast, undifferentiated carcinoma often occurs in children and shows a bimodal age distribution, with peaks in the second and sixth decades. All forms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma occur more frequently in males. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is treated with radiation. Keratinizing squamous carcinomas are least radiation sensitive and have the poorest prognosis. Nonkeratinizing carcinomas have a survival rate intermediate between keratinizing and undifferentiated carcinomas or they behave like undifferentiated carcinomas. In several large series of cases treated with radiation, undifferentiated carcinoma had the following 5-year survival rates, according to stage: stage I: 50% to 60%; stage II: 20% to 30%; and stage III:5% to 20% (Sternberg's Diagnostic Surgical Pathology, 3rd ed., 1999). --2002
    Source - Diseases Database

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, or a subtype of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Introduction

Types of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma:

Broader types of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma:

How serious is Nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

Complications of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: see complications of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

What causes Nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

Causes of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: see causes of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

What are the symptoms of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

Symptoms of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: see symptoms of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Complications of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: see complications of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Oncologist, Otolaryngologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Treatments for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: see treatments for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Alternative treatments for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: see alternative treatments for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Research for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: see research for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Name and Aliases of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Main name of condition: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Other names or spellings for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma:

Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Nose cancer, Throat cancer, Head and neck cancer

Nasopharynx cancer Source - Diseases Database

Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

 

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