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Diseases » Neck conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Neck conditions

  • Aksu von Stockhausen syndrome: A rare condition observed in a Turkish family and characterized by various head and neck malformations that have resulted from abnormal development of the branchial arches.
  • Al Gazali Aziz Salem syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart disease, short stature and a webbed neck.
  • All Disease Categories: All major disease categories
  • Atlanto-Axial Fusion: A congenital anomaly where the first neck vertebrae is fused to the skull.
  • Back pain: Pain from the back or spine.
  • Bangstad syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by diabetes, goiter, insufficient hormone production by the gonads and progressive ataxia.
  • Benign paroxysmal torticollis of infancy: A harmless condition characterized by recurring periods of head tilting resulting from dystonia (sustained muscle contractions) of the neck muscles. Other symptoms such as vomiting and irritability may also occur variably. Episodes tend to occur without any noticeable triggers and may last from hours to days. Episodes can occur as often as every two weeks or as infrequently as every couple of months.
  • Branchio-Oculo-Facial Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by branchial defects, lacrimal duct obstruction and pseudocleft of upper lip.
  • Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome: Autosomal dominant genetic disorder involving kidneys, ears and neck.
  • Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal kidney development and varying degrees of hearing impairment. Type 2 involves a defect on the SIX5 gene on chromosome 19q13.3.
  • Branchiootic syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by branchial and ear abnormalities. The hearing loss is variable with respect to severity and age of onset.
  • Branchiootic syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized by branchial and ear abnormalities. The hearing loss is variable with respect to severity and age of onset. Type 1 is caused by a defect on the EYA1 gene on chromosome 8q13. It is similar to the branchio-oto-renal syndrome except it doesn't involve any kidney abnormalities.
  • Branchiootic syndrome 2: A rare inherited disorder characterized by branchial and ear abnormalities. The hearing loss is variable with respect to severity and age of onset. Type 2 is caused by a defect chromosome 1q31. It is similar to the branchio-oto-renal syndrome except it doesn't involve any kidney abnormalities.
  • Branchiootic syndrome 3: A rare inherited disorder characterized by branchial and ear abnormalities. The hearing loss is variable with respect to severity and age of onset. Type 3 is caused by a defect chromosome 14q23. It is similar to the branchio-oto-renal syndrome except it doesn't involve any kidney abnormalities.
  • Broken neck: Fracture of the bone or bones in the cervical spine.
  • Camptodactyly syndrome, Guadalajara type 1: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded fetal growth and permanently flexed fingers as well as other abnormalities such as short toes, short neck and a small head.
  • Camptodactyly syndrome, Guadalajara type 3: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded fetal growth and permanently flexed finger (camptodactyly).
  • Camptodactyly syndrome, Guadalajara type III: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a variety of defects including facial dysmorphism.
  • Capillary Malformation of the Lower Lip, Lymphatic Malformation of Face and Neck, Asymmetry of Face and Limbs, and Partial/Generalized Overgrowth.: A rare syndrome characterized by asymmetrical face and limbs, lymphatic malformations of the face and neck, capillary malformation of the lower lip and overgrowth of parts or all of the body.
  • Carcinoma, squamous cell of head and neck: A type of cancer that occurs in the mucosal lining of parts of the head and neck e.g. esophagus, sinuses, nasal cavity, pharynx, mouth and lips. Symptoms will vary depending on the exact location of the cancer.
  • Carotid bruits: Carotid bruit is a noise caused by turbulent blood flow in the carotid artery.
  • Cervical Spondylosis: Condition where bony changes within the cervical spine causes spinal cord compression with associated neck pain; usually seen in patients over 40 years of age.
  • Cervical Teratoma: A cervical teratoma is a very rare form of germ cell tumor that occurs in the neck. These tumors usually develop in the fetus and tend to be large and benign even though they grow continually. In rare cases they can occur in adults in which case they tend to be malignant. These tumors can be quite large and cause problems in other neck structures. Sometimes surgery is required in the uterus or during delivery in order to ensure the infant has access to an airway.
  • Cervical hypertrichosis neuropathy: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by a hairy throat and abnormal sensations in the hands and feet.
  • Cervicogenic headache: Cervicogenic headache is a syndrome characterized by chronic hemicranial pain that is referred to the head from either bony structures or soft tissues of the neck.
  • Cervicooculoacoustic syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by ocular palsy, congenital perceptive deafness and fusion of the vertebrae in the neck.
  • Congenital absence of the sternocleidomastoid muscle: Absent neck muscle - in particular, the muscle that runs from behind the ear and down to the collar bones. These muscles allow the hear to flex and rotate. One or both of the muscles may be absent.
  • Congenital torticollis: A rare condition characterized by a twisted neck at birth.
  • Contractures, congenital, torticollis and malignant hyperthermia: A very rare syndrome characterized by contractures, torticollis and a hyperthermic reaction to general anesthetics.
  • Craniofacial conodysplasia: A rare disorder characterized by neurological symptoms and abnormally-shaped bones in the hands and feet. The neurological symptoms are caused by a buildup of fluid inside the skull as well as compression of the spinal cord at the neck-skull junction.
  • Craniofaciocervical osteoglyphic dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized by a short head and face, skeletal anomalies and destruction of tooth sockets.
  • Cystic Hygroma: A progressive condition characterized by a sac filled with lymphatic fluid that forms in the lymphatic system, usually at the nape of the neck but sometimes in other parts of the body.
  • Dreyfus syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by flattened vertebrae, kyphoscoliosis, spinal ankylosis, short neck, dwarfism and other abnormalities.
  • Epiglotitis: Inflamation of the epiglottis in the throat
  • Epiglottiditis: A condition characterized by inflammation of the epiglottis of the throat
  • Epiglottis diseases: Diseases that affect the epiglottis
  • Fara-Chlupackova syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by ear, face and neck abnormalities.
  • Frontonasal dysplasia -- Klippel Feil syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal fusion of two or more vertebrae in the neck (Klippel Feil syndrome) as well as larynx and voice box abnormalities.
  • Froster-Iskenius-Waterson syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by multiple joint contractures at birth, hyperthermia and twisting of neck muscles.
  • Golden-Lakin syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by a webbed neck, sunken chest, curved spine and various other abnormalities.
  • HIV like Severe sore throat: Involvement of the upper respiratory tract.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hygroma cervical: An abnormal sac-like structure filled with lymph fluid that occurs in the neck area. It results from abnormal lymphatic structure development. The abnormality is present at birth and may vary in size from barely noticeable to large enough to affect breathing. Surgical removal can result in recurrence of all of the tissue is not removed. In some cases, the hygroma is too intertwined with other structures and surgery is not possible.
  • Hypertrichosis, anterior cervical: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal and excessive hair growth at the front of the neck. The hair abnormality usually becomes apparent around the age of 3. Usually no other abnormalities are present.
  • Jugular lymphatic obstruction sequence: A rare disorder caused by obstruction of the jugular lymphatic system due to problems during the fetal stage of development.
  • Klippel Feil Syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal fusion of two or more vertebrae in the neck. The disorder is often associated with other abnormalities but their incidence is highly variable.
  • Klippel Feil deformity conductive deafness absent vagina: A rare developmental disorder occurring only in females and characterized by skeletal and genitourinary abnormalities and small stature.
  • Klippel-Feil syndrome recessive type: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized by abnormal fusion of two or more vertebrae in the neck. The disorder is often associated with other abnormalities but their incidence is highly variable.
  • Klippel-Feil syndrome, dominant type: A rare dominantly inherited disorder characterized by abnormal fusion of two or more vertebrae in the neck. The disorder is often associated with other abnormalities but their incidence is highly variable.
  • Larynx conditions: Any condition that affects that larynx
  • Meningitis-like neck stiffness: Also known as neck rigidity.
  • Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary: A type of cancer that occurs in the neck and has spread (metastasized) to the lymph nodes from a primary source that has not been able to be determined. Squamous cells are cells that line hollow organs as well as the skin and throat.
  • Microcephaly -- cervical spine fusion anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head and fused neck vertebrae.
  • Mullerian Aplasia -- Renal Aplasia -- Cervicothoracic Somite Dysplasia: A rare developmental disorder occurring only in females and characterized by skeletal and genitourinary abnormalities and small stature.
  • Multiple pterygium syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by webbing of various parts of the body, contractures, short stature, fusion of neck vertebrae and facial anomalies.
  • Multiple pterygium syndrome, autosomal recessive: A very rare disorder characterized by webbing of various parts of the body, contractures, short stature, fusion of neck vertebrae and facial anomalies.
  • Mumps: An acute viral disease that causes the salivary glands to become swollen, sore and inflamed. Immunization had greatly reduced the incidence of this disease.
  • Neck Arthritis: Degenerative arthritic changes in the neck causing pain and loss of function; may be due to age-related degenerative change (osteoarthritis) or due to autoimmune disease (rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Neck Boil: A boil that occurs on the neck. A boil is an infected hair follicle located on the skin. The lesions if full of pus and can be quite painful.
  • Neck Cancer: Any cancer that occurs in the neck
  • Neck injury: Any injury that occurs to the neck
  • Neck lump: Lump in the neck area
  • Neck muscle strain: Damage to the neck muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage. Neck strain is most often caused by whiplash in vehicle accidents.
  • Neck pain: Pain affecting the neck
  • Neck swelling: Swelling in or around the neck
  • Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome: A rare disorder where the patients has symptoms of neurofibromatosis (nerve tumors) and Noonan syndrome (short stature, bleeding problems, heart defect, unusual facial features, skeletal anomalies, webbed neck).
  • Noonan Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a webbed neck, chest deformity, undescended testes and pulmonic stenosis.
  • Noonan syndrome 3: A genetic condition characterized by short stature, distinctive facial characteristics, learning difficulties, congenital heart conditions and various other anomalies.
  • Noonan-like syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart problems, facial anomalies and a sunken chest.
  • Noonan-like/multiple giant cell lesion syndrome: A rare condition characterized by short stature, widely spaced eyes, low-set ears, pulmonary stenosis and lesions on bones, joints or soft tissue. Lymphedema causes swelling that gives a cherubic appearance.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pterigium Colli: A rare malformation involving webbing of the neck area.
  • Pterygium colli -- mental retardation -- digital anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, webbed neck and finger abnormalities.
  • Rheumatic conditions: Any condition that affects ones joints
  • Sandifer syndrome: A rare disorder where torticollis (neck spasms) is associated with a hiatus hernia. All the symptoms seem to be as a result of the hiatus hernia.
  • Schneckenbecken dysplasia: A very rare genetic disorder involving defective bone and cartilage development which causes cleft palate, short neck, short stature, unusual iliac shape and other bone abnormalities. The condition generally results in stillbirth or death soon after birth.
  • Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
  • Seven point syndrome: A specific group of deformities that is associated with infantile scoliosis.
  • Short stature webbed neck heart disease: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart disease, short stature and a webbed neck.
  • Shoulder Pain: A pain that occurs in the shoulder. There is often other associated symptoms depending on the cause of the shoulder pain. For example, swelling may indicate a broken bone.
  • Spinal Cord Disorders: Any condition that affects the spinal cord
  • Spinal conditions: Any condition that affects the spine
  • Spondylo camptodactyly syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by a finger abnormality, curved spine and flat neck vertabrae
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, autosomal recessive 1: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities. This form is severe and often results in infant death.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, autosomal recessive 2: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities resulting in a short trunk and neck as well as long thin fingers.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, autosomal recessive 3: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities resulting in a short trunk and neck.
  • Spondylohypoplasia arthrogryposis popliteal pterygium: A very rare inherited syndrome characterized by webbing at the back of the knees, spinal defects and various other skeletal abnormalities.
  • Spondylosis: Spinal degeneration of the discs or spinal joints
  • Syringocystadenoma papilliferum: A benign tumor that usually occurs on the face, neck or scalp. Malignancy and metastasis occurs very rarely. The tumor appears as a plaque, single bump or a row of bumps.
  • Syringomyelia, cervical lesion: A slowly-progressing neurological disorder characterized by a fulid-filled cavity in the spinal cord in the neck region.
  • Syringomyelia, medulla oblongata lesion: A slowly-progressing neurological disorder characterized by a fluid-filled cavity in the spinal cord at base of the brain.
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome: Pinched shoulder/arm nerve.
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome TOS: A rare disorder involving compression or damage to the nerves and blood vessels that go from the neck to the arms or armpit. It may occur as a birth defect or through some sort of traumato the shoulder area. It can causes symptoms such as arm pain and weakness and can occur on one or both sides depending on the nature of the cause.
  • Throat disorder:
  • Tingling sensation down the neck: Burning or pricking sensation progressing along the neck.
  • Toriello syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by brachial arch defects and other abnormalities such as short stature, mental retardation and small head.
  • Turner-mongolism polysyndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by webbed neck, elbow abnormalities and infantilism.
  • Unusual facies, short webbed neck, mental retardation, short stature: A rare syndrome characterized by an unusual facial appearance, short webbed neck, mental retardation and short stature
  • Vagal Paraganglioma: A rare, usually benign tumor found in the neck. The tumor develops from glomus cells which are located along blood vessels involved in automatic body activities such as regulation of blood pressure and blood flow.
  • Vail syndrome: Periods of nerve pain in the facial, head, neck and shoulder areas. The pain tends to occur on one side of the body and usually at night. Irritation of the vidian nerve is a possible cause.
  • Van Allen Myhre syndrome: A syndrome which is characterised by vesicles, celosomia, short neck, microcornea, and dextrocardia.
  • Warthin's tumor: A benign salivary (parotid) gland tumor.
  • Warthin's tumour: A benign parathyroid tumour
  • Whiplash: Neck injury often from a car accident.
  • Whiplash Injuries: An injury to the neck when the neck is rapidly forced backward and then forwards or vice versa. It most commonly occurs in vehicle accidents when the vehicle is stopped abruptly or pushed forwards suddenly.
  • Whiplash pain: Whiplash is when the soft tissues of the neck are injured by a sudden jerking or "whipping" of the head. This type of motion strains the muscles and ligaments of the neck beyond their normal range of motion.
  • Wildervanck syndrome: A rare birth disorder involving hearing loss, fusion of vertebrae and eye movement abnormalities/

 

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