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Diseases » Neonatal Jaundice » Glossary
 

Glossary for Neonatal Jaundice

  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Alagille Syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting the liver and characterized by the absence of some or all of the liver bile ducts that transport bile within the liver.
  • Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: A rare disorder characterized by the development of lung disease in adults and liver disease in adults and children.
  • Athyrotic hypothyroidism sequence: A rare congenital disorder characterized by a thyroid gland defect.
  • Biliary Atresia: A rare condition that can affect newborns where the bile duct that carries the bile from the liver to the small intestine is blocked or missing.
  • Biliary conditions: Medical conditions affecting the biliary system (liver, bile ducts, gallbladder, etc.) in digestion.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Brain damage: Damage to the brain from various causes
  • Breast Feeding: Nursing an infant with breast milk.
  • Breast Milk Jaundice: Jaundice in an infant caused by the presence of a particular substance in the mother's breast milk which leads to high bilirubin levels in the infant. The condition tends to run in families. The jaundice tends to persist up to six weeks after birth.
  • Carotenemia: Excessive beta-carotene in the blood causing orange skin
  • Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
  • Childbirth: Delivery of a fetus by a pregnant woman.
  • Congenital cytomegalovirus: Fetal infection with cytomegalovirus.
  • Congenital hypothyroidism: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of thyroid hormones that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or hypothyroidism in infants of mothers treated with thiouracil during pregnancy.
  • Congenital syphilis: Syphilis inherited from mother during pregnancy.
  • Crigler-Najjar Syndrome: An autosomal recessive form of nonhemolytic jaundice due to the absence of the hepatic enzyme glucuronide transferase.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Dobriner syndrome: An inherited metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of coproporphyrinogen oxidase. The condition is similar to but milder than intermittent porphyria and sometimes includes photosensitivity.
  • Fructose intolerance: An enzyme deficiency that causes toxic symptoms when fructose containing food is ingested.
  • Galactokinase deficiency: A rare condition where an enzyme deficiency (galactokinase) impaires the body's ability to break down galactose consumed in the diet.
  • Gilbert's Syndrome: An inherited enzyme deficiency (UDP glucoronyl transferase) which causes periodic mild jaundice, abdominal pain, weakness and fatigue.
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A rare enzyme abnormality involving a deficiency of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase which causes premature destruction of red blood cells. The excessive destruction of red blood cells can be triggered by certain infections or drugs or by eating fava beans.
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn: Blood disease in newborns mainly related to Rh incompatibility
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Herpes: Virus with one subtype causing cold sores and another causing genital herpes.
  • Infant health conditions: Medical conditions typically affecting infants (including newborns and babies under one year old).
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Kernicterus: A rare condition involving high blood levels of bilirubin which can also accumulate in the brain and lead to neurological problems.
  • Listeriosis: Bacterial food poisoning
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Lucey Driscoll syndrome: A rare condition characterized by severe jaundice at birth and caused by the presence of a gestational hormone that passes from the mother to the infant across the placenta but eventually disappears after birth. Excessive jaundice result in kernicterus can cause complications such as brain damage.
  • Lutz-Richner-Landolt syndrome: A rare disorder involving kidney and biliary abnormalities.
  • Mild hereditary elliptocytosis in infancy: A rare inherited blood disorder characterized by the presence of oval-shaped red blood cells rather than the normal doughnut-shape as well as poikilocytosis. This form of hereditary elliptocytosis can cause hemolytic anemia.
  • Neonatal Jaundice: Common skin yellowing jaundice in newborn babies.
  • Porphyria, Ala-D: A very rare inherited disorder where involving a lack of the enzyme delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase.
  • Premature Birth: Early delivery of a fetus (before 37th week).
  • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency: A rare inherited blood disorder involving a deficiency of the enzyme pyruvate kinase.
  • Rhesus isoimmunisation: The antibody mediated destruction of red blood cells by those sensitive
  • Rubella congenital syndrome: The transplacental infection of a fetus with rubella
  • Septic shock: serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis, though the microbe may be systemic or localized to a particular site
  • Septo-Optic Dysplasia: A rare birth defect characterized by impaired vision and pituitary deficiency.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Soto's Syndrome: A rare hereditary disorder characterized by excessive growth during the first few years of life as well as various other mental and physical anomalies.
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
  • UDP-Galactose-4-epimerase deficiency: A condition which is characterised by a mutation in the UDP-galactose-4-epimerase gene.
  • Yellow eyes: Yellow color of the white of the eyes
  • Yellow skin: Yellow coloring affecting the skin
  • Zellweger Syndrome: Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form.

 

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