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What is Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

What is Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Lung disease mostly in premature newborns; see also adult RDS.
  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A disorder affecting newborn infants (usually premature) characterized pathologically by the development of a hyaline-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory passages. Extensive atelectasis is attributed to the lack of surfactant. (Dorland, 27th ed)
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome, or a subtype of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Introduction

Types of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome:

Broader types of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome:

How many people get Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Prevalance of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: 40,000 infants and 150,000 adults with adult RDS (NHLBI)
Prevalance Rate of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: approx 1 in 6,800 or 0.01% or 40,000 people in USA [about data]

Who gets Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Patient Profile for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Premature newborn infants and adults

How serious is Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Complications of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: see complications of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Deaths for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: 1,024 deaths (NHLBI 1999)

What causes Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Causes of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: see causes of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

What are the symptoms of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Symptoms of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: see symptoms of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Complications of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: see complications of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Neonatologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
Treatments for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: see treatments for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Research for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: see research for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Society issues for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Hospitalizations for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: 17,000 (NHLBI 1999)

Hospitalization statistics for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome:

  • 0.058% (7,444) of hospital consultant episodes were for respiratory distress of newborn in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for respiratory distress of newborn required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 64% of hospital consultant episodes for respiratory distress of newborn were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 36% of hospital consultant episodes for respiratory distress of newborn were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7% of hospital consultant episodes for respiratory distress of newborn required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome:

Organs and body systems related to Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome include:

Name and Aliases of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Main name of condition: Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Other names or spellings for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome:

RDS, Neonatal RDS, Respiratory distress syndrome, Respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, hyaline membrane disease, HMD

Respiratory distress syndrome (neonatal) Source - Diseases Database

Respiratory distress syndrome, Respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, Respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, Hyaline membrane disease, Respiratory distress syndrome, Hyaline membrane disease
Source - WordNet 2.1

Reticular dysgenesia, Severe combined immunodeficiency with leukopenia, Reticular dysgenesis, Congenital aleukia, DeVaal disease, Hereditary mucoepithelial dysplasia, Mucoepithelial dysplasia, Hereditary, Urban Schosser Spohn syndrome
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome:

 

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