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Glossary for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Infant: A breathing disorder that occurs in infants. The underdeveloped lungs fail to functioning adequately and the body becomes deprived of oxygen. The condition is more likely to affect premature infants and the greater the prematurity, the greater the risk.
  • Apnea: Cessation of breathing. Apnea can be caused by neurological diseases, strangulation, drugs and airway obstruction.
  • Black mustard poisoning: Black mustard is commonly used as a spice or seasoning as well as a beneficial oil in naturopathy. It contains a chemical called ally isothiocyanate which can cause severe skin and respiratory system irritation in humans. Mustard oil is sold illegally in the US.
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A rare form of infant lung disease that usually occurs as a complication of ventilator use in premature babies.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest symptoms: Symptoms affecting the chest region.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Infant health conditions: Medical conditions typically affecting infants (including newborns and babies under one year old).
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Premature Birth: Early delivery of a fetus (before 37th week).
  • Rapid breathing: Excessively rapid breathing
  • Respiratory acidosis: Respiratory acidosis is acidosis (abnormally increased acidity of the blood) due to decreased ventilation of the pulmonary alveoli, leading to elevated arterial carbon dioxide concentration.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory distress syndrome, infant: A respiratory disorder caused by deficiency of pulmonary surfactant in premature infants which prevents normal lung functioning.
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Urban Schosser Spohn syndrome: A condition which is characterised by hereditary mucoepithelial dysplasia


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