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Diseases » Neonatal tetanus » Glossary

Glossary for Neonatal tetanus

  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Cephalic tetanus: Rare severe form of tetanus of the brain and head.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Dysphagia: Dysphagia refers to difficulty in swallowing.
  • Facial grimacing: A facial expression that indicated pain or the feeling of discomfort
  • Infant health conditions: Medical conditions typically affecting infants (including newborns and babies under one year old).
  • Irritability: Excessive feelings of annoyance or frustration.
  • Muscle rigidity: The occurrence of resistance to passively moving a muscle
  • Muscle spasms: Involuntary movement or contraction of muscles without full control
  • Neonatal tetanus: Muscle tetanus of the very young infant
  • Nuchal rigidity: nuchal rigidity or neck stiffness is tested by placing the examiner's hand under the patient's head and gently trying to flex the neck. Undue resistance implies diffuse irritation of the cervical nerve roots from meningeal inflammation
  • Poor feeding: Poor feeding (mostly in infants)
  • Restlessness: state of overactive restlessness
  • Risus sardonicus: sustained abnormal spasm of the facial muscles
  • Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.


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