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Diseases » Neuroacanthocytosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Neuroacanthocytosis

  • Acanthocytosis: A rare disorder where most of the red blood cells are abnormal with spiny projections due to lipid abnormalities. The blood abnormality is seen in conditions such as abetalipoproteinemia, severe liver disease and severe malnutrition. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the underlying disorder.
  • Chorea: Any disorder causing involuntary movement or spasms.
  • Choreoathetosis: Choreoathetosis is the occurrence of involuntary movements in a combination of chorea and athetosis.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Huntington's Disease: Inherited disease causing progressive mental deterioration.
  • Involuntary movements: The involuntary movement of the musculoskeletal system
  • Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: Inherited biochemical disorder of purine metabolism caused by the virtual absence of an enzyme called hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase or HPRT.
  • Levine-Critchley syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder mainly involving progressive muscle weakness and wasting, abnormal limb movement, progressive cognitive loss and red blood cell abnormalities.
  • Movement disorders: Medical conditions affecting the movement systems, such as walking or tremor.
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Parkinson's Disease: Degenerative brain condition characterised by tremor.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Phenytoin: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Phenytoin (an anticonvulsant medication) has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Tardive Dyskinesia: The toxic neurological side effects of neuroleptic drugs that have been used long term.
  • Tics: Involuntary muscle twitches
  • Tremors: Involuntary trembling most commonly of the hands.
  • Walking symptoms: Problems with walking.

 

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