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Diseases » Neurocysticercosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Neurocysticercosis

  • Alveolar echinococcosis: A rare parasitic infection caused by the larva of a miniscule tapeworm called Echinococcus multilocularis. Transmission occurs through contact with foxes, coyotes, dogs and cats. The condition results in the development of parasitic tumors in the liver (sometimes other organs such as brain and lungs) but it generally causes no symptom for 5 to 15 years after infection.
  • Bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is a form of meningitis caused by bacteria that normally lives in the mouth and throat. When the immune system is unable to supress this bacteria, it travels to the cerebrospinal spinal fluid in the brain. From there it affects the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Balance symptoms: Problems with balance or vertigo
  • Brain cancer: Cancer of the brain.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Brain swelling: Swelling or enlargement of the brain
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Confusion: Mental confusion and impaired thinking.
  • Cysticercosis: An infectious disease caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. If the larvae are ingested then a mild or asymptomatic tapeworm infection occurs. However, ingested eggs pass into the bloodstream where they can then enter various tissues and form the cysts that characterize cysticercosis.
  • Detachment: Inappropriate loss of interest or involvement.
  • Diseases contagious from contaminated water: Diseases that can be contracted from contaminated water
  • Diseases contagious from food: Diseases that can be contracted from food
  • Diseases contagious from pigs: Diseases that can be contracted from pigs
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hydrocephalus: A rare condition where the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is impaired by dilated brain ventricles which causes the fluid to accumulate in the skull and hence result in increased brain pressure.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Myositis: One of the underlying causes for muscle weakness/myopathy.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Seizures: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, seizures and high levels of hydroxylysine in the urine.
  • Sudden death: The sudden death of an individual
  • Taeniasis: An infection with a type of tapeworm
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
  • Worm conditions: Any condition that is caused by infestation of worms

 

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