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Diseases » Nocardiosis » Summary
 

What is Nocardiosis?

What is Nocardiosis?

  • Nocardiosis: A rare infectious disease caused by the bacteria Nocardia asteroides which primarily affects the lung but may also involve the brain, soft tissues and other organs.
  • Nocardiosis: A genus of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria whose species are widely distributed and are abundant in soil. Some strains are pathogenic opportunists for man and animals.
    Source - Diseases Database

Nocardiosis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Nocardiosis, or a subtype of Nocardiosis, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Nocardiosis as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Nocardiosis: Introduction

Types of Nocardiosis:

Types of Nocardiosis:

  • Nocardia asteroides
  • N. farcinica
  • N. nova
  • N.transvalensis
  • N. brasiliensis
  • N. pseudobrasiliensis
  • more types...»

Broader types of Nocardiosis:

How many people get Nocardiosis?

Incidence (annual) of Nocardiosis: estimated 500-1,000 annual cases in USA (DBMD)
Incidence Rate of Nocardiosis: approx 1 in 544,000 or 0.00% or 500 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Nocardiosis: In the United States, an estimated 500-1,000 new cases of Nocardia infection occur annually. An estimated 10%-15% of these patients also have HIV infection. (Source: excerpt from Nocardiosis: DBMD)

Who gets Nocardiosis?

Gender Profile for Nocardiosis: Males 3:1 females

How serious is Nocardiosis?

Prognosis of Nocardiosis: infection may last for months or years
Complications of Nocardiosis: see complications of Nocardiosis
Prognosis of Nocardiosis: Approximately 10% of cases with uncomplicated pneumonia are fatal. Case-fatality rate increases with overwhelming infection, disseminated disease, or brain abscess. Surgical drainage may be indicated and may improve patient outcome. (Source: excerpt from Nocardiosis: DBMD)

What causes Nocardiosis?

Causes of Nocardiosis: see causes of Nocardiosis
Causes of Nocardiosis: Pulmonary and disseminated infections occur through inhalation and primary cutaneous disease through soil-contaminated wounds. Rarely, nosocomial postsurgical transmission occurs. (Source: excerpt from Nocardiosis: DBMD)
Risk factors for Nocardiosis: see risk factors for Nocardiosis

What are the symptoms of Nocardiosis?

Symptoms of Nocardiosis: see symptoms of Nocardiosis

Complications of Nocardiosis: see complications of Nocardiosis

Can anyone else get Nocardiosis?

More information: see contagiousness of Nocardiosis
Inheritance: see inheritance of Nocardiosis

Nocardiosis: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Nocardiosis.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Nocardiosis.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Nocardiosis: see treatments for Nocardiosis
Research for Nocardiosis: see research for Nocardiosis

Society issues for Nocardiosis


Hospitalization statistics for Nocardiosis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Nocardiosis:

  • 0% (5) of hospital consultant episodes were for nocardiosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 40% of hospital consultant episodes for nocardiosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 60% of hospital consultant episodes for nocardiosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 40% of hospital consultant episodes for nocardiosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for nocardiosis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 22.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for nocardiosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 21 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for nocardiosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Name and Aliases of Nocardiosis

Main name of condition: Nocardiosis

Other names or spellings for Nocardiosis:

nocardiae, nocardia, Primary cutaneous nocardiosis (subtype), Pulmonary nocardiosis (subtype), Cerebral nocardiosis (subtype)

Nocardia Source - Diseases Database

Cerebral nocardiosis (subtype), Primary cutaneous nocardiosis (subtype), Pulmonary nocardiosis (subtype)
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Nocardiosis: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Nocardiosis:

 

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