Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.


Nosebleeds: Introduction

Epistaxis, more commonly known as a nosebleed, is a symptom of a wide variety of mild to serious diseases, disorders and conditions. Epistaxis can result from infection, inflammation, trauma, foreign body, malignancy, and other diseases and abnormal processes.

There are two types of epistaxis. An anterior epistaxis is the most common and most easily treatable. A posterior epistaxis is less common and more serious, generally requiring emergency treatment.

Epistaxis can occur in any age group or population. Epistaxis can be the result of nose picking or of a mild condition, such as a mild allergy or nasal congestion. Epistaxis can also be due to a moderate condition, disorder or disease, such as chronic sinusitis. Epistaxis can also occur due to some diseases, disorders and conditions that can be serious, even life-threatening. These include hypertension hemophilia and leukemia.

Depending on the cause, epistaxis can be short-term and disappear quickly, such as when epistaxis occurs due to excessively dry air then resolves when the air is humidified. Epistaxis can also occur in sudden episodes, such as epistaxis that happens with hypertensive crisis. Epistaxis can be the result of a wide variety of other conditions, including trauma to the nose or skull, allergies and sinus tumors. For more details about causes, see causes of epistaxis.

Epistaxis often occurs in conjunction with other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Other common symptoms include fever, headache, deformity of the nose, weakness, dizziness and sore throat.

Complications of epistaxis include nausea and vomiting due to the swallowing of blood. More serious complications can include anemia, hypovolemic shock, airway obstruction and very rarely, death. The underlying disorder, disease or condition can also cause complications.

Diagnosing epistaxis and its root cause begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. This includes looking up the nose with a special lighted instrument called a rhinoscope. Taking a blood pressure reading and a series of blood pressure readings can reveal if hypertension is present, possibly causing or contributing to epistaxis.

Making a diagnosis also includes performing a variety of other tests to help to diagnose potential underlying diseases, conditions or disorders, such as allergic rhinitis, skull fracture, or cocaine use. Depending on the suspected cause, tests can include , drug testing, blood tests, allergy skin testing, and imaging tests, such as X-ray, CT scan, nuclear scans, and MRI.

A diagnosis of epistaxis and its cause can easily be delayed or missed because epistaxis may be mild or intermittent and for other reasons. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of epistaxis.

Immediate first aid and treatment of epistaxis includes pinching the nose shut or using a nose clip to hold it closed until the bleeding stops. Applying ice may be done as well. Nasal packing and cautery using medications may also be needed in some cases.

Treatment of epistaxis also involves diagnosing and treating the underlying disease, disorder or condition that is causing it. Some conditions can be easily and successfully treated and cured, while others may require more intensive treatment and may not have an optimal prognosis. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of epistaxis. ...more »

Nosebleeds: The discharge of blood from the nose. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Nosebleeds is available below.

Nosebleeds: Treatments

Immediate treatment of epistaxis includes pinching the nose shut or using a nose clip to hold it closed until the bleeding stops. Applying ice may be done as well. This often works well to treat a mild anterior epistaxis. For more serious cases of epistaxis, including posterior epistaxis, nasal packing and cautery using topical medications may also be needed.

Treatment then requires ...more treatments »

Nosebleeds: Misdiagnosis

Diagnosing epistaxis and its cause may be delayed or missed because in some cases, epistaxis may not be severe enough for a person to seek medical care. If epistaxis is caused by cocaine use, a person may not seek medical treatment and diagnosis out of shame or for fear of being reported to authorities. Epistaxis is a symptom of many different conditions, so ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Nosebleeds

Treatments for Nosebleeds

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Nosebleeds:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Nosebleeds?

Nosebleeds: Related Patient Stories

Nosebleeds: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Nosebleeds.

Alternative Treatments for Nosebleeds

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed in various sources as possibly beneficial for Nosebleeds may include:

Nosebleeds: Complications

Read more about complications of Nosebleeds.

Causes of Nosebleeds

More information about causes of Nosebleeds:

Disease Topics Related To Nosebleeds

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Nosebleeds:

Nosebleeds: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Nosebleeds

Unnecessary hysterectomies due to undiagnosed bleeding disorder in women: The bleeding disorder called Von Willebrand's disease is quite common in women, more »

Chronic lung diseases hard to diagnose: Some of the chronic lung diseases are difficult to diagnose. Even the well-knowns conditions such as asthma or lung more »

Nosebleeds: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Nosebleeds

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Nosebleeds:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Nosebleeds, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Nosebleeds: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Latest Treatments for Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds: Animations

Research about Nosebleeds

Visit our research pages for current research about Nosebleeds treatments.

Clinical Trials for Nosebleeds

The US based website lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on for Nosebleeds include:

Nosebleeds: Broader Related Topics

Nosebleeds Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Nosebleeds, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Definitions of Nosebleeds:

Bleeding from the nose. - (Source - Diseases Database)

Bleeding from the nose - (Source - WordNet 2.1)


By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise