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Diseases » Nosocomial infections » Glossary

Glossary for Nosocomial infections

  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: An allergic reaction to a particular fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Aspergillosis: Infection with a fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
  • Central nervous system infections:
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • E-coli food poisoning: Type of bacterial food poisoning
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Gastroenteritis: Acute stomach or intestine inflammation
  • Hospital or surgery-related conditions: Medical conditions related to hospital stays or caused by surgery.
  • Iatrogenic conditions: Conditions that are caused by the actions of physicians or surgeons
  • Infection: Infections as a symptom.
  • Legionnaires' disease: A severe respiratory disease which is caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacteria. The condition can result in pneumonia and can be life-threatening.
  • Mold allergies: Allergies to airborne or household molds.
  • Neutropenia: Reduced number of granulocytes in the blood
  • Night sweats: Night sweats is the occurrence of excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis) during sleep. The sufferer may or may not also suffer from excessive perspiration while awake.
  • Nosocomial pneumonia: A form of pneumonia which is contracted in a hospital
  • Opportunistic infections: Is defined as an infection that occurs due to an organism that does not usually cause disease but becomes pathogenic under certain conditions
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Respiratory syncytial virus: Viral respiratory infection serious in young infants.
  • Respiratory tract infections:
  • Skin infection: A condition which is characterized by an infection which occurs on the skin
  • Trichosporon: A genus of fungi that are normal flora of the respiratory and digestive tract
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.


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