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According to the psychiatrist's bible, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), narcissism can be diagnosed as a personality disorder. Personality disorders are when people present with recurrent abnormal behaviour to situations which prevent them from maintaining stable relationships with family, friends and loved ones. Narcissistic personality disorder is diagnosed in adults when sufferers portray grandiose ideas about themselves ("I'm the King of the world"), an extreme arrogance, demand for constant appraisal and acknowledgement, inability to take criticism, lack of empathy, and determination of personal achievement regardless of the cost to others. Minor presentation of one or more of these symptoms can be defined as personality 'traits'. According to the DSM, it belongs with a spectrum of mental disorders that include antisocial, borderline, and histrionic personality disorders. Personality disorders are extremely difficult to treat, particularly when the patient refuses to acknowledge that there is a problem.
Source: summary of medical news story as reported by Times Online
About: Narcissistic personality disorder
Date: 1 July 2005
Source: Times Online
Author: Dr Thomas Stuttaford
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