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Prostate cancer active surveillance

Prostate cancer can be managed during a man's lifetime and steps to make monitoring more of a viable treatment option over radial surgery for low grade cancer is recommended. The method for monitoring is through blood tests for prostate specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examinations (DRE) every 3-6 months for 2 years, which can indicate change in the cancer's behavior. After 2 years ongoing monitoring can be done every 6 months. The decision can then be made if the man requires surgery and cancer treatment. In a study conducted, none of the subjects died from prostate cancer during the trial and no secondary cancer was detected anywhere in the body. The researchers' conclusion was that the growth of the cancer was very slow over many years in low risk early detected prostate cancer and is preferably treated with active surveillance. The treatment of prostate cancer is radical prostatectomy with radiotherapy for many men, complications of which include bladder and bowel incontinence and impotence.

Source: summary of medical news story as reported by BJU International

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About: Prostate cancer active surveillance

Date: 30 May 2005

Source: BJU International


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