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Menstruation often begins at about the age of 11 or 12 and usually lasts 3-5 days. Menorrhagia is excessive menstrual bleeding that lasts longer than 7 days or is very heavy. Abnormal menstrual bleeding affects 2 million American women annually. It causes symptoms such as fatigue and anemia. Menorrhagia is often caused by hormonal imbalance but may also be caused by infection, uterine fibroids, endometrial polyps, uterine cancer or some chronic medical conditions. Treatment may involve hormone therapy but this can cause side effects such as headache, breast swelling, breast tenderness and weigh fluctuations. Dilation and curettage is another treatment option which works well but the effects only last for a few cycles. A radical treatment option is a hysterectomy - 700,000 US women undergo the procedure each year for menorrhagia. The surgery is a permanent cure but obviously it means the woman won't be able to have more children. A more recent innovative treatment is microwave endometrial ablation where microwave energy is used to destroy the endometrial tissue. The treatment is effective for more than one year in only 15% of women and it can cause side effects such as cramping, nausea and vomiting. Pregnancy is still possible with this treatment.
Source: summary of medical news story as reported by wsoctv - 9 Eyewitness News
About: Treatment options are available for excessive menstrual bleeding
Date: January 2005
Source: wsoctv - 9 Eyewitness News
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