Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer
Diagnostic Test list for Ovarian Cancer:
The list of medical tests
mentioned in various sources as
used in the diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer
Tests and diagnosis discussion for Ovarian Cancer:
Ovarian Cancer: NWHIC (Excerpt)
A definitive diagnosis of ovarian cancer requires surgery. The initial
surgery has two aims. First, to remove any cancer that exists (or as much
as possible), including removing the ovaries, the uterus and the omentum.
The best results for survival are in those women in whom all the cancer
can be removed. Second, to sample tissues and surrounding nodes to
determine where the tumor has spread (to determine the stage of the
In pre-menopausal women, a more limited surgery may be appropriate
depending upon the cell type of the tumor.
(Source: excerpt from Ovarian Cancer: NWHIC)
What You Need To Know About Ovarian Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)
To help find the cause of symptoms, a doctor evaluates a
woman's medical history. The doctor also performs a physical
exam and orders diagnostic tests. Some exams and tests that
may be useful are described below:
Pelvic exam includes feeling the uterus, vagina,
ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder ,
to find any abnormality in their shape or size. (A Pap
test , a good test for cancer of the cervix, is often
done along with the pelvic exam, but it is not a reliable
way to find or diagnose ovarian cancer.)
refers to the use of high-frequency sound waves. These
waves, which cannot be heard by humans, are aimed at the
ovaries. The pattern of the echoes they produce creates a
picture called a sonogram .
Healthy tissues, fluid-filled cysts, and tumors look
different on this picture.
CA-125 assay is a blood test used to measure the
level of CA-125, a tumor marker that is often found in
higher-than-normal amounts in the blood of women with
GI series , or barium
enema , is a series of x-rays
of the colon
and rectum. The pictures are taken after the patient is
given an enema with a white, chalky solution containing
barium. The barium outlines the colon and rectum on the
x-ray, making tumors or other abnormal areas
easier to see.
(or CAT) scan is a series of detailed pictures
of areas inside the body created by a computer linked to an
is the removal of tissue for examination under a microscope.
studies the tissue to make a diagnosis .
To obtain the tissue, the surgeon performs a laparotomy
(an operation to open the abdomen). If cancer is suspected,
the surgeon performs an oophorectomy (removal of the entire
ovary). This is important because, if cancer is present,
removing just a sample of tissue by cutting through the
outer layer of the ovary could allow cancer cells to escape
and cause the disease to spread.
If the diagnosis is ovarian cancer, the doctor will want
to learn the stage
(or extent) of disease. Staging
is a careful attempt to find out whether the cancer has
spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Staging may
involve surgery, x-rays and other imaging
procedures, and lab tests. Knowing the stage of the disease
helps the doctor plan treatment.
(Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Ovarian Cancer: NCI
Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer: medical news summaries:
The following medical news items
are relevant to diagnosis and misdiagnosis issues for Ovarian Cancer:
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