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Diseases » Oxalosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Oxalosis

  • Burning mouth: Burning-like pain in the mouth
  • Chronic renal insufficiency: Chronic lack of function of the renal system. Kidneys.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital metabolic disorders: Congenital (birth) defects affecting any metabolic systems.
  • Dry mouth: A condition characterized by the sensation of a dry mouth
  • Kidney conditions: Any condition affecting the kidney organs.
  • Kidney damage: Any damage that occurs to the kidneys
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Kidney stones: Kidney stones are solid deposits of salts (e.g calcium) from the urine. These deposits can impair the passage of urine that has the potential to result in infection and kidney damage or failure in severe cases.
  • Loperamide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Loperamide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Malabsorption syndrome: is an alteration in the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into the bloodstream
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Nephrocalcinosis: A condition characterized by calcium salt deposits in the kidneys which may affect it's ability to function. The condition refers to a generally increased level of calcium in the kidneys rather than actual localized deposits such as occurs in kidney stones. It may be caused by such things as high blood calcium levels and tuberculosis. The condition often goes unnoticed until kidney or urinary tract stones form.
  • Primary hyperoxaluria type 1: A rare inherited inborn metabolic disorder characterized by excessive amounts of oxalate in the urine and deposits of oxalate in the kidneys which leads to progressive kidney failure. There are two subtypes of Oxalosis, each with a different origin for the genetic defect involved. Type 1 involves a deficiency of a liver enzyme called Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase. Type 2 tends to cause a milder disease than type 1 with better longterm outcomes.
  • Primary hyperoxaluria type 2: A rare inherited inborn metabolic disorder characterized by excessive amounts of oxalate in the urine and deposits of oxalate in the kidneys which leads to progressive kidney failure. There are two subtypes of Oxalosis, each with a different origin for the genetic defect involved. Type 2 involves a deficiency of a liver enzyme called D-Glycerate Dehydrogenase. Type 2 tends to cause a milder disease than type 1 with better longterm outcomes.
  • Reduced urine: Reduced volume or strength of urine output
  • Urinary system conditions: Medical conditions affecting urination, urinary organs or the urinary system.
  • Urine retention: Partial or total inability to excrete urine
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.

 

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