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Organs » Colon


Descriptions of Colon

Colon: The longest part of the large intestine, which is a tube-like organ connected to the small intestine at one end and the anus at the other. The colon removes water and some nutrients and electrolytes from partially digested food. The remaining material, solid waste called stool, moves through the colon to the rectum and leaves the body through the anus.
Source: National Institute of Health

Colon: the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted
Source: WordNet 2.1

Colon : part of the large intestine that extends from the cecum to the rectum.
Source: CRISP

Article Excerpts about Colon

The colon, which is about 6 feet long, connects the small intestine with the rectum and anus. The major function of the colon is to absorb water and salts from digestive products that enter from the small intestine. Two quarts of liquid matter enter the colon from the small intestine each day. This material may remain there for several days until most of the fluid and salts are absorbed into the body. The stool then passes through the colon by a pattern of movements to the left side of the colon, where it is stored until a bowel movement occurs. (Source: excerpt from Irritable Bowel Syndrome: NIDDK)

As food moves through it, the colon absorbs water while forming waste products, or stool. Muscle contractions in the colon push the stool toward the rectum. By the time stool reaches the rectum, it is solid because most of the water has been absorbed. (Source: excerpt from Constipation: NIDDK)

Summary Information: Colon

Colon: The colon is a hollow tube that comprises a large and main section of the large intestine. The colon located in the abdomen and is a part of the digestive system and the gastrointestinal tract. Digested food residue moves from the cecum of the large intestine into the colon and then passes into the rectum before elimination from the body. The colon helps to form feces and absorb water into the body. There are four sections of colon: the ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and Sigmoid colon.

Conditions that afflict the colon include colon cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, bowel obstruction, gastroenteritis, and ulcerative colitis.

Closely Related Organs: Colon

The following organs are closely related to the organ: Colon:

Conditions Afflicting Organs: Colon

The following conditions are related to the organ: Colon:

Other Names: Colon

The following are other names for the organ: Colon:

Sub Parts: Colon

The following list contains sub-parts of the organ: Colon:

Symptoms Related to Afflictions of: Colon

These symptoms are related to afflictions of the organ: Colon:

Condition count: 16 ; see list below.

Organ types: Digestive system (127)

Related organs: intestine (43), small intestine (7), large intestine (19), bowel (19), bowel (19)

Main condition: Colon conditions

Organs: list of all organs

Colon: Related Topics

Diseases List for Colon:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Colon' or similar listed as an affected body part in our database:











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